Effect of Processing Conditions on Fracture Resistance and Cohesive Laws of Binderfree All-Cellulose Composites

Stergios Goutianos, R. Arévalo, Bent F. Sørensen, T. Peijs

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

The fracture properties of all-cellulose composites without matrix were studied using Double Cantilever Beam (DCB) sandwich specimens loaded with pure monotonically increasing bending moments, which give stable crack growth. The experiments were conducted in an environmental scanning electron microscope to a) perform accurate measurements of both the fracture energy for crack initiation and the fracture resistance and b) observe the microscale failure mechanisms especially in the the wake of the crack tip. Since the mechanical behaviour of the all-cellulose composites was non-linear, a general method was first developed to obtain fracture resistance values from the DCB specimens taking into account the non-linear material response. The binderfree all-cellulose composites were prepared by a mechanical refinement process that allows the formation of intramolecular bonds between the cellulose molecules during the drying process. Defibrilation of the raw cellulose material is done in wet medium in a paper-like process. Panels with different refining time were tested and it was found than an increase in fibre fibrillation results in a lower fracture resistance. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Composite Materials
Volume21
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)805-825
Number of pages21
ISSN0929-189X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • All-cellulose
  • Binderfree
  • Bridging mechanisms
  • Cohesive laws
  • Fracture resistance
  • Non-linear response

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