Effect of moderate electric field on structural and thermo-physical properties of sunflower protein and sodium caseinate

Büşra Gültekin Subaşı, Mastaneh Jahromi, Federico Casanova, Esra Capanoglu*, Fatemeh Ajalloueian, Mohammad Amin Mohammadifar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Moderate electric field (MEF) were employed to sunflower protein isolate (SPI) and sodium caseinate (CAS) to change their structural and thermo-physical properties with a non-thermal approach. MEF treatment reduced significantly the average particle size with noticeable changes in the uniformity of SPI and CAS solutions. A maximum 10% reduction in the surface tension was observed for 0.2% w/w SPI sample by applying 150 V for 20 s. This effect was less pronounced for CAS samples and for the protein concentration of 2% w/w. FTIR spectra provided an increased α-helix content for SPI inducing a bulkier, loosened and more hydrophilic structure which is unlikely for CAS. Intrinsic Fluorescence Spectroscopy revealed that MEF treatments changed the tertiary structures of SPI and CAS. Denaturation temperatures and enthalpies of the SPI and CAS samples were decreased by MEF treatments.
Original languageEnglish
Article number102593
JournalInnovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies
Volume67
ISSN1466-8564
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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