Lignocellulosic materials are recalcitrant to bioconversion, due to their rigid physiochemical structure. In this work, the effects of Fe2O3–TiO2 and NiO–TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) and FeCl3 and NiCl2 salts, on the anaerobic digestion (AD) of wheat straw have been investigated. For this purpose, metal oxide-TiO2 NPs were synthesized and fully characterized. Results showed that addition of 0.252 mg of NiO–TiO2/g total solids (TS) to batch assays resulted in increase of soluble chemical oxygen demand (COD) and 67% increase in volatile fatty acids (VFAs) concentration compared to control tests during the first 4 days of experiments. These results indicate that hydrolysis and acidogenesis rates have been enhanced due to addition of NPs. No significant effects have been observed in soluble COD and VFAs concentrations compared to control experiments by adding salts to the batch assays. Addition of NPs or salts led to an increase in methane production rate during the first 4 days of experiments.
- Anaerobic digestion
- Trace elements