Effect of Friction-Induced Nonlinearity on OMA-Identified Dynamic Characteristics of Offshore Platform Models

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The identification of the modal characteristics of engineering systems under operational conditions is commonly conducted with the use of the Operational Modal Analysis (OMA), being a class of useful tools employed within various fields of structural, mechanical as well as marine and naval engineering. The current OMA methods have been advanced on the basis of two fundamental, though, restrictive assumptions: (i) linearity and (ii) stationarity. Nevertheless, there are several applications that are inherently related to various nonlinear mechanisms, which, in turn, violate the two cornerstones of OMA and hence, question its robustness and efficiency. Along these lines, the current study addresses the effect of friction-induced nonlinearity on OMA-identified dynamic characteristics of an experimental set up consisting of a pair of reduced scale offshore platform models that are connected through a friction-based mechanism. Both time-domain and frequency-domain methods were employed to assess the effect of the varying friction-induced nonlinearity on the OMA-identified modal characteristics. The findings of this study reveal that OMA-based methods provide reasonable identification results implying that nonlinear and nonstationary systems can be described by underlying linear systems, even though, in principles, the basic assumptions of linearity and stationarity are violated.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2018
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event36th International Modal Analysis Conference - Orlando, United States
Duration: 12 Feb 201815 Feb 2018
Conference number: 36


Conference36th International Modal Analysis Conference
CountryUnited States


  • Friction damping
  • Random vibrations
  • Operational modal analysis
  • Nonlinear systems
  • Experimental testing

Cite this

Friis, T., Orfanos, A., Katsanos, E., Amador, S., & Brincker, R. (2018). Effect of Friction-Induced Nonlinearity on OMA-Identified Dynamic Characteristics of Offshore Platform Models. Paper presented at 36th International Modal Analysis Conference, Orlando, United States.