Effect of environmentally relevant concentrations of potentially toxic microplastic on coastal copepods

Marja Koski*, Jens Søndergaard, Anette Maria Christensen, Torkel Gissel Nielsen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Tire wear particles (TWP) are both abundant and potentially toxic types of microplastic (MP) in the coastal ocean. We tested the effects of TWP type (new tires, old tires, rubber granules from artificial turfs) and concentration (10 to 10 000 TWP L-1) on feeding, reproduction and fecal pellet production of two common coastal copepods at high (400 µg C L-1) and low (40 µg C L-1) food concentration consisting of a cryptophyte Rhodomonas sp. We did not observe any effect of TWP on copepods at environmentally relevant concentrations of <10 TWP L-1. At TWP concentrations that were > 100 times higher than the MP concentrations measured in coastal waters, food concentration, copepod feeding mode, TWP concentration and TWP type interacted to influence copepod feeding and pellet production, while reproduction was unaffected. Our results suggest that TWP at the current measured concentrations in the ocean environment is not likely to be a threat to the common coastal copepods.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105713
JournalAquatic Toxicology
Volume230
Number of pages8
ISSN0166-445X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Microplastic
  • Tire wear particles
  • Acartia tonsa
  • Temora longicornis
  • Feeding
  • Reproduction

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