Effect of cobalt on the activity of dual phase “(Gd0.6Sr0.4)0.99Fe1-xCoxO3-δ” SOFC cathodes

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The effect of the amount of cobalt in (Gd0.6Sr0.4)0.99Fe1-xCoxO3-δ solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) cathodes (x = 0.00, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20 and 0.25) was studied by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), dilatometry, four-point DC conductivity measurements, cone-shaped electrodes, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). XRD and scanning electron microscopy revealed two phases: a cubic phase and an orthorhombic phase. One phase has a small particle size (cubic phase), and the other phase (orthorhombic) has a larger particle size. Dilatometry indicated that the thermal expansion coefficient increased with increasing Co content. The electrical conductivity maximum for the Co-rich compound was found to have a value of 82 S cm−1 at approximately 300 °C. It was shown that the activity of the cathodes was strongly dependent on the amount of cobalt. The highest activity was found for the cobalt-rich compound (Gd0.6Sr0.4)0.99Fe0.75Co0.25O3-δ with an area-specific resistance of 0.9 Ωcm2 at 600 °C, measured on a cone-shaped electrode in air.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Solid State Electrochemistry
Volume23
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)965-970
Number of pages6
ISSN1432-8488
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

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