Effect of clove (Syzygium aromaticum) and seaweed (Kappaphycus alvarezii ) water extracts pretreatment on lipid oxidation in sun-dried sardines (Rastrineobola argentea ) from Lake Victoria, Tanzania

Davis Chaula*, Henry Laswai, Bernard Chove, Anders Dalsgaard, Robinson Mdegela, Charlotte Jacobsen, Grethe Hyldig

*Corresponding author for this work

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Small indigenous fish species play a significant role in food and nutritional security of poor communities in developing countries. Sardines (Rastrineobola argentea) are fish species of Lake Victoria known to be a good source of health‐promoting omega‐3 fatty acids. Open sun drying is a common and traditional sardine processing and preservation method. Sun‐dried products suffer from characteristic off‐flavor due to lipid oxidation which discourage product consumption and limit diversification. This study investigated the use of clove (Syzygium aromaticum) and seaweed (Kappaphycus alvarezii) water extracts as natural antioxidants to impede lipid oxidation in sun‐dried sardines. Lipid oxidation was assessed by peroxide value, volatile secondary oxidation products, and fatty acid profiles. The antioxidant capacity of extracts was evaluated by total phenolic content, 1, 1‐diphenyl‐2‐picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging, and iron (Fe2+) chelating ability. Results showed that 5, 10, and 20 g/L clove extracts significantly reduced peroxidation in sun‐dried sardines by 38.7%, 54.6%, and 56%, respectively. Clove extracts resulted in higher retention of omega‐3 fatty acids and lower concentrations of secondary lipid oxidation products as opposed to seaweed counterpart. This research has demonstrated feasibility of pretreating whole, omega‐3‐rich small sardines with natural antioxidants to avert lipid oxidation during sun drying.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFood Science & Nutrition
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)1406-1416
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Antioxidants
  • Clove extracts
  • Kappaphycus alvarezii
  • Lake Victoria
  • Lipid oxidation
  • Omega-3 fatty acids
  • Rastrineobola argentea
  • Red seaweed
  • Volatile compounds

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