Effect of Boron Addition and Initial Heat-Treatment Temperature on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Modified 9Cr-1Mo Steels Under Different Heat-Treatment Conditions

C. R. Das, S. K. Albert, A. K. Bhaduri, B. S. Murty

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Abstract

The effect of initial heat treatment on microstructure and mechanical properties of boron-free and boron-containing modified 9Cr-1Mo steel (P91 and P91B, respectively) has been studied under different heat-treatment conditions. The prior austenite grains evolved in P91 steel, having different prior austenite grain sizes, were found to be similar in size after heat treatment in the range of 1073 K to 1448 K (800 A degrees C to 1175 A degrees C) for 5 minutes. The microstructural evolution in P91B steel having different prior austenite grain sizes appeared to be uniform when subjected to different heat-treatment temperatures with the prior austenite grain size being similar to that of initial grain size. Lath martensite was observed in P91B steel after all heat treatments. On the other hand, lath martensite was observed in P91 steel only when subjected to high-temperature heat treatment, whereas subgrain/substructure as well as coarse precipitates were observed after a lower temperature heat treatment. Large differences in the hardness/strength values between different microstructures corresponding to coarse-grained heat-affected zone (CGHAZ) and intercritical HAZ (ICHAZ) of P91 steel weldment were due to the distinct difference in these microstructures. The difference in hardness/strength values between the CGHAZ and ICHAZ was found to be insignificant in P91B steel under similar heat-treatment conditions. DOI: 10.1007/s11661-012-1584-8 (C) The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2013
Original languageEnglish
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A - Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Volume44A
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)2171-2186
ISSN1073-5623
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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