Effect of Barium Titanate (BaTiO3) Additive on the Short-Term DC Breakdown strength of Polyethylene.

Peter O Henk

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    The use of additives to insulting materials is one of the methods to improve certain properties of these materials. Additives can also be used to provide more insight into some processes like conduction, space charge formation and breakdown under certain conditions of field application.In the present paper, the effect of the addition of fine particles 1wt% BaTiO3 to plain low density polyethylene (LDPE) on the short-term dc breakdown strength of LDPE at room temperature was investigated. The characteristics of the use polyethylene are as follows: density 0.925 g/cm3, melt index 0.25 g/10 min. The BaTiO3 used was laboratory grade with particle size less than 7 um. Special cylindrical test samples of both undoped and doped materials were used in this investigation. Stainless steel hemispherically tipped electrodes were embedded in the material by moulding. The mean value of the gap length between the electrodes was 0.25 mm. The design of the test sample allows for determining the intrinsic breakdown strength of the material. The Weibull plots were used to analyse the breakdown test results. Analysis of the results indicate that the addition of BaTiO3 to LDPE has reduced the short term dc breakdown strength of the doped material by about 16% if compared with the corresponding value for the plain LDPE.An attempt s made to correlate between the present results, and earlier published results about the effect of BaTiO3 on dc conductivity and space charge formation in LDPE.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalConference Record of the 1996 IEEE International Symposium on Electrical Insulation
    Pages (from-to)654-656
    Publication statusPublished - 1996
    Event1996 IEEE International Symposium on Electrical Insulation - Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Duration: 16 Jun 199619 Jun 1996


    Conference1996 IEEE International Symposium on Electrical Insulation
    CityMontreal, Quebec

    Cite this