Effect of air on water capillary flow in silica nanochannels

Harvey Zambrano, Jens Honore Walther, Elton Oyarzua

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Abstract

Capillarity is a classical topic in fluid dynamics. The fundamental relationship between capillarity and surface tension is solidly established. Nevertheless, capillarity is an active research area especially as the miniaturization of devices is reaching the molecular scale. Currently, with the fabrication of microsystems integrated by nanochannels, a thorough understanding of the transport of fluids in nanoconfinement is required for a successful operation of the functional parts of such devices. In this work, Molecular Dynamics simulations are conducted to study the spontaneous imbibition of water in sub 10 nm silica channels. The capillary filling speed is computed in channels subjected to different air pressures. In order to describe the interactions between the species, an effective force field is developed, which is calibrated by reproducing the water contact angle. The results show that the capillary filling speed qualitatively follows the classical Washburn model, however, quantitatively it is lower than expected. Furthermore, it is observed that the deviations increase as air pressure is higher. We attribute the deviations to amounts of air trapped at the silica-water interface which leads to changes in the dynamics contact angle of the water meniscus.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberAbstract: R6.00005
JournalAmerican Physical Society. Bulletin
Volume58
Issue number8
ISSN0003-0503
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event66th Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society Division of Fluid Dynamics - Pittsburgh, PA, United States
Duration: 24 Nov 201326 Nov 2013
Conference number: 66

Conference

Conference66th Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society Division of Fluid Dynamics
Number66
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPittsburgh, PA
Period24/11/201326/11/2013

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