Effect of Ablatant Composition on the Ablation of a Fuelling Pellet

C.T. Chang, K. Thomsen, S. Piret

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    Abstract

    The single species neutral-shielding model for the ablation of a hydrogeni c pellet is extended by considering the ablatant as a mixture of four species: molecular and atomic hydrogen, protons and electrons. Compared with the results of the frozen flow, (i.e. the single species molecular hydrogen gas model), results of the analysis showed that the presence of dissociation and ionization effects caused a marked difference of the ablatant state. The attenuations of the incoming electron energy and energy flux, however, are very much similar irrespective of whether the ablated flow is in a frozen or an equilibrium state. The scaling law of the pellet ablation rate with respect to the plasma state of Te, ne and the pellet radius remains the same; the ablation rate is reduced by approximately 15%. To examine the possible existence of a spherical shell around the pellet where most of the incoming electron energy is absorbed, a comparison is made between the local electron collisional mean free path and the electron Larmor radius. A critical field at the ionization radius is evaluated. An effective spherical energy absorbing region exists when the local field strength is below the critical value. Por a plasma state of low Te and ne, (where the ablatant is hardly ionized), and for one near the thermonuclear condition (where a highly dense ablatant exists near the pellet), the effective energy absorption region is nearly spherical. In view of the variation of the plasma temperature and density as well as the pellet radius during the peneration of a pellet in a tokamak discharge, the existence of such an effective
    spherical energy absorption region still requires further exploration.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationRoskilde
    PublisherRisø National Laboratory
    Number of pages50
    ISBN (Print)87-550-1337-6
    Publication statusPublished - 1987
    SeriesRisø-M
    Number2657
    ISSN0418-6435

    Keywords

    • Risø-M-2657

    Cite this

    Chang, C. T., Thomsen, K., & Piret, S. (1987). Effect of Ablatant Composition on the Ablation of a Fuelling Pellet. Risø National Laboratory. Risø-M, No. 2657