Effect of a high protein meat diet on muscle and cognitive functions: A randomised controlled dietary intervention trial in healthy men

Lene H. Jakobsen, Jens Kondrup, Maria Zellner, Inge Tetens, Erich Roth

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

BackgroundRecommendations to use other criteria than N-balance for defining protein requirements have been proposed. However, little evidence to support other measures such as physiological functions is available. ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of a usual (UP) versus a high protein (HP) diet on muscle function, cognitive function, quality of life and biochemical regulators of protein metabolism. DesignA randomised intervention study was conducted with 23 healthy males (aged 19–31 yrs). All subjects consumed a Usual Protein (UP) diet (1.5 g protein/kg BW) for a 1-wk run-in period before the intervention period where they were assigned to either a UP or a High Protein (HP) diet (3.0 g protein/kg BW) for 3-wks with controlled intake of food and beverages. Blood and urine samples were taken along with measurements of physiological functions at baseline and at the end of the intervention period. ResultsThe HP group improved their reaction time significantly compared with the UP group. Branched chain amino acids and phenylalanine in plasma were significantly increased following the HP diet, which may explain the improved reaction time. ConclusionHealthy young males fed a HP diet improved reaction time. No adverse effects of the HP diet were observed.This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.govas NCT00621231.
Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Nutrition
Volume30
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)303-311
ISSN0261-5614
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Plasma amino acids
  • Muscle function
  • Cognitive function
  • Protein

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