EFDA Task TW6-TPDS-DIADEV deliverable 2: ITER Fast Ion Collective Scattering Development of diagnostic components and techniques

S. Michelsen, Henrik Bindslev, Søren Bang Korsholm, Frank Leipold, Fernando Meo, Poul Michelsen, Anders Henry Nielsen, Erekle Tsakadze

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    Abstract

    In 2003 the Risø CTS group finished a feasibility study and a conceptual design of an ITER fast ion collective Thomson scattering system. The purpose of the CTS diagnostic is to measure the distribution function of fast ions in the plasma with particular interest in fusion alphas. The feasibility study demonstrated that the only system, which can fully meet the ITER measurement requirements for confined fusion alphas, is a 60 GHz system. The study showed that by using two powerful microwave sources (gyrotrons) of this frequency both on the low field side, and two antenna systems, one on the low field side and one on the high field side, it is possible to resolve the distribution function of fast ions both for perpendicular and parallel velocities with good spatial and temporal resolution. The present work concerned a continuation of this work, and the following tasks were performed. 1) Optimisation of the design, considering the scattering geometries, variations in plasma profiles, magnetic equilibria etc. 2) Development of numerical codes for determination of the geometry of the antenna system on the high field side, including shapes and positions of mirrors and receiver horns. 3) A model experiment was set up in order to test and support the theoretical and numerical results. From the design studies various R&D issues critical to the viability of the CTS diagnostic on ITER were identified; the most urgent ones are addressed in the presented R&D tasks.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationRoskilde
    PublisherDanmarks Tekniske Universitet, Risø Nationallaboratoriet for Bæredygtig Energi
    Number of pages45
    ISBN (Print)978-87-550-3792-2
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    SeriesDenmark. Forskningscenter Risoe. Risoe-R
    Number1716(EN)
    ISSN0106-2840

    Keywords

    • Fusion energy
    • Risø-R-1716
    • Risø-R-1716(EN)

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