Economic analysis and environmental impact assessment of three different fermentation processes for fructooligosaccharides production

Solange Ines Mussatto, Luis M. Aguiar, Mariana I. Marinha, Rita C. Jorge, Eugénio C. Ferreira

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Three different fermentation processes for the production of fructooligosaccharides (FOS) were evaluated and compared in terms of economic aspects and environmental impact. The processes included: submerged fermentation of sucrose solution by Aspergillus japonicus using free cells or using the cells immobilized in corn cobs, and solid-state fermentation (SSF) using coffee silverskin as support material and nutrient source. The scale-up was designed using data obtained at laboratory scale and considering an annual productivity goal of 200 t. SSF was the most attractive process in both economic and environmental aspects since it is able to generate FOS with higher annual productivity (232.6 t) and purity (98.6%) than the other processes; reaches the highest annual profit (6.55 M€); presents the lowest payback time (2.27 years); and is more favourable environmentally causing a lower carbon footprint (0.728 kg/kg, expressed in mass of CO2 equivalent per mass of FOS) and the lowest wastewater generation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume198
Pages (from-to)673–681
ISSN0960-8524
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

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