Early human dispersals within the Americas

J Víctor Moreno-Mayar, Lasse Vinner, Peter de Barros Damgaard, Constanza de la Fuente, Jeffrey Chan, Jeffrey P Spence, Morten E Allentoft, Tharsika Vimala, Fernando Racimo, Thomaz Pinotti, Simon Rasmussen, Ashot Margaryan, Miren Iraeta Orbegozo, Dorothea Mylopotamitaki, Matthew Wooller, Clement Bataille, Lorena Becerra-Valdivia, David Chivall, Daniel Comeskey, Thibaut Devièse & 33 others Donald K Grayson, Len George, Harold Harry, Verner Alexandersen, Charlotte Primeau, Jon Erlandson, Claudia Rodrigues-Carvalho, Silvia Reis, Murilo Q R Bastos, Jerome Cybulski, Carlos Vullo, Flavia Morello, Miguel Vilar, Spencer Wells, Kristian Gregersen, Kasper Lykke Hansen, Niels Lynnerup, Marta Mirazón Lahr, Kurt Kjær, André Strauss, Marta Alfonso-Durruty, Antonio Salas, Hannes Schroeder, Thomas Higham, Ripan S Malhi, Jeffrey T Rasic, Luiz Souza, Fabricio R Santos, Anna-Sapfo Malaspinas, Rasmus Nielsen, Yun S Song, David J. Meltzer, Eske Willerslev*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Studies of the peopling of the Americas have focused on the timing and number of initial migrations. Less attention has been paid to the subsequent spread of people within the Americas. We sequenced 15 ancient human genomes spanning Alaska to Patagonia; six are ≥10,000 years old (up to ~18× coverage). All are most closely related to Native Americans, including an Ancient Beringian individual, and two morphologically distinct "Paleoamericans." We find evidence of rapid dispersal and early diversification, including previously unknown groups, as people moved south. This resulted in multiple independent, geographically uneven migrations, including one that provides clues of a Late Pleistocene Australasian genetic signal, and a later Mesoamerican-related expansion. These led to complex and dynamic population histories from North to South America.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbereaav2621
    JournalScience
    Volume362
    Issue number6419
    Number of pages13
    ISSN0036-8075
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Cite this

    Moreno-Mayar, J. V., Vinner, L., de Barros Damgaard, P., de la Fuente, C., Chan, J., Spence, J. P., ... Willerslev, E. (2018). Early human dispersals within the Americas. Science, 362(6419), [eaav2621]. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aav2621
    Moreno-Mayar, J Víctor ; Vinner, Lasse ; de Barros Damgaard, Peter ; de la Fuente, Constanza ; Chan, Jeffrey ; Spence, Jeffrey P ; Allentoft, Morten E ; Vimala, Tharsika ; Racimo, Fernando ; Pinotti, Thomaz ; Rasmussen, Simon ; Margaryan, Ashot ; Iraeta Orbegozo, Miren ; Mylopotamitaki, Dorothea ; Wooller, Matthew ; Bataille, Clement ; Becerra-Valdivia, Lorena ; Chivall, David ; Comeskey, Daniel ; Devièse, Thibaut ; Grayson, Donald K ; George, Len ; Harry, Harold ; Alexandersen, Verner ; Primeau, Charlotte ; Erlandson, Jon ; Rodrigues-Carvalho, Claudia ; Reis, Silvia ; Bastos, Murilo Q R ; Cybulski, Jerome ; Vullo, Carlos ; Morello, Flavia ; Vilar, Miguel ; Wells, Spencer ; Gregersen, Kristian ; Hansen, Kasper Lykke ; Lynnerup, Niels ; Mirazón Lahr, Marta ; Kjær, Kurt ; Strauss, André ; Alfonso-Durruty, Marta ; Salas, Antonio ; Schroeder, Hannes ; Higham, Thomas ; Malhi, Ripan S ; Rasic, Jeffrey T ; Souza, Luiz ; Santos, Fabricio R ; Malaspinas, Anna-Sapfo ; Nielsen, Rasmus ; Song, Yun S ; Meltzer, David J. ; Willerslev, Eske. / Early human dispersals within the Americas. In: Science. 2018 ; Vol. 362, No. 6419.
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    title = "Early human dispersals within the Americas",
    abstract = "Studies of the peopling of the Americas have focused on the timing and number of initial migrations. Less attention has been paid to the subsequent spread of people within the Americas. We sequenced 15 ancient human genomes spanning Alaska to Patagonia; six are ≥10,000 years old (up to ~18× coverage). All are most closely related to Native Americans, including an Ancient Beringian individual, and two morphologically distinct {"}Paleoamericans.{"} We find evidence of rapid dispersal and early diversification, including previously unknown groups, as people moved south. This resulted in multiple independent, geographically uneven migrations, including one that provides clues of a Late Pleistocene Australasian genetic signal, and a later Mesoamerican-related expansion. These led to complex and dynamic population histories from North to South America.",
    author = "Moreno-Mayar, {J V{\'i}ctor} and Lasse Vinner and {de Barros Damgaard}, Peter and {de la Fuente}, Constanza and Jeffrey Chan and Spence, {Jeffrey P} and Allentoft, {Morten E} and Tharsika Vimala and Fernando Racimo and Thomaz Pinotti and Simon Rasmussen and Ashot Margaryan and {Iraeta Orbegozo}, Miren and Dorothea Mylopotamitaki and Matthew Wooller and Clement Bataille and Lorena Becerra-Valdivia and David Chivall and Daniel Comeskey and Thibaut Devi{\`e}se and Grayson, {Donald K} and Len George and Harold Harry and Verner Alexandersen and Charlotte Primeau and Jon Erlandson and Claudia Rodrigues-Carvalho and Silvia Reis and Bastos, {Murilo Q R} and Jerome Cybulski and Carlos Vullo and Flavia Morello and Miguel Vilar and Spencer Wells and Kristian Gregersen and Hansen, {Kasper Lykke} and Niels Lynnerup and {Miraz{\'o}n Lahr}, Marta and Kurt Kj{\ae}r and Andr{\'e} Strauss and Marta Alfonso-Durruty and Antonio Salas and Hannes Schroeder and Thomas Higham and Malhi, {Ripan S} and Rasic, {Jeffrey T} and Luiz Souza and Santos, {Fabricio R} and Anna-Sapfo Malaspinas and Rasmus Nielsen and Song, {Yun S} and Meltzer, {David J.} and Eske Willerslev",
    year = "2018",
    doi = "10.1126/science.aav2621",
    language = "English",
    volume = "362",
    journal = "Science",
    issn = "0036-8075",
    publisher = "American Association for the Advancement of Science",
    number = "6419",

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    Moreno-Mayar, JV, Vinner, L, de Barros Damgaard, P, de la Fuente, C, Chan, J, Spence, JP, Allentoft, ME, Vimala, T, Racimo, F, Pinotti, T, Rasmussen, S, Margaryan, A, Iraeta Orbegozo, M, Mylopotamitaki, D, Wooller, M, Bataille, C, Becerra-Valdivia, L, Chivall, D, Comeskey, D, Devièse, T, Grayson, DK, George, L, Harry, H, Alexandersen, V, Primeau, C, Erlandson, J, Rodrigues-Carvalho, C, Reis, S, Bastos, MQR, Cybulski, J, Vullo, C, Morello, F, Vilar, M, Wells, S, Gregersen, K, Hansen, KL, Lynnerup, N, Mirazón Lahr, M, Kjær, K, Strauss, A, Alfonso-Durruty, M, Salas, A, Schroeder, H, Higham, T, Malhi, RS, Rasic, JT, Souza, L, Santos, FR, Malaspinas, A-S, Nielsen, R, Song, YS, Meltzer, DJ & Willerslev, E 2018, 'Early human dispersals within the Americas', Science, vol. 362, no. 6419, eaav2621. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aav2621

    Early human dispersals within the Americas. / Moreno-Mayar, J Víctor; Vinner, Lasse; de Barros Damgaard, Peter; de la Fuente, Constanza; Chan, Jeffrey; Spence, Jeffrey P; Allentoft, Morten E; Vimala, Tharsika; Racimo, Fernando; Pinotti, Thomaz; Rasmussen, Simon; Margaryan, Ashot; Iraeta Orbegozo, Miren; Mylopotamitaki, Dorothea; Wooller, Matthew; Bataille, Clement; Becerra-Valdivia, Lorena; Chivall, David; Comeskey, Daniel; Devièse, Thibaut; Grayson, Donald K; George, Len; Harry, Harold; Alexandersen, Verner; Primeau, Charlotte; Erlandson, Jon; Rodrigues-Carvalho, Claudia; Reis, Silvia; Bastos, Murilo Q R; Cybulski, Jerome; Vullo, Carlos; Morello, Flavia; Vilar, Miguel; Wells, Spencer; Gregersen, Kristian; Hansen, Kasper Lykke; Lynnerup, Niels; Mirazón Lahr, Marta; Kjær, Kurt; Strauss, André; Alfonso-Durruty, Marta; Salas, Antonio; Schroeder, Hannes; Higham, Thomas; Malhi, Ripan S; Rasic, Jeffrey T; Souza, Luiz; Santos, Fabricio R; Malaspinas, Anna-Sapfo; Nielsen, Rasmus; Song, Yun S; Meltzer, David J.; Willerslev, Eske.

    In: Science, Vol. 362, No. 6419, eaav2621, 2018.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Early human dispersals within the Americas

    AU - Moreno-Mayar, J Víctor

    AU - Vinner, Lasse

    AU - de Barros Damgaard, Peter

    AU - de la Fuente, Constanza

    AU - Chan, Jeffrey

    AU - Spence, Jeffrey P

    AU - Allentoft, Morten E

    AU - Vimala, Tharsika

    AU - Racimo, Fernando

    AU - Pinotti, Thomaz

    AU - Rasmussen, Simon

    AU - Margaryan, Ashot

    AU - Iraeta Orbegozo, Miren

    AU - Mylopotamitaki, Dorothea

    AU - Wooller, Matthew

    AU - Bataille, Clement

    AU - Becerra-Valdivia, Lorena

    AU - Chivall, David

    AU - Comeskey, Daniel

    AU - Devièse, Thibaut

    AU - Grayson, Donald K

    AU - George, Len

    AU - Harry, Harold

    AU - Alexandersen, Verner

    AU - Primeau, Charlotte

    AU - Erlandson, Jon

    AU - Rodrigues-Carvalho, Claudia

    AU - Reis, Silvia

    AU - Bastos, Murilo Q R

    AU - Cybulski, Jerome

    AU - Vullo, Carlos

    AU - Morello, Flavia

    AU - Vilar, Miguel

    AU - Wells, Spencer

    AU - Gregersen, Kristian

    AU - Hansen, Kasper Lykke

    AU - Lynnerup, Niels

    AU - Mirazón Lahr, Marta

    AU - Kjær, Kurt

    AU - Strauss, André

    AU - Alfonso-Durruty, Marta

    AU - Salas, Antonio

    AU - Schroeder, Hannes

    AU - Higham, Thomas

    AU - Malhi, Ripan S

    AU - Rasic, Jeffrey T

    AU - Souza, Luiz

    AU - Santos, Fabricio R

    AU - Malaspinas, Anna-Sapfo

    AU - Nielsen, Rasmus

    AU - Song, Yun S

    AU - Meltzer, David J.

    AU - Willerslev, Eske

    PY - 2018

    Y1 - 2018

    N2 - Studies of the peopling of the Americas have focused on the timing and number of initial migrations. Less attention has been paid to the subsequent spread of people within the Americas. We sequenced 15 ancient human genomes spanning Alaska to Patagonia; six are ≥10,000 years old (up to ~18× coverage). All are most closely related to Native Americans, including an Ancient Beringian individual, and two morphologically distinct "Paleoamericans." We find evidence of rapid dispersal and early diversification, including previously unknown groups, as people moved south. This resulted in multiple independent, geographically uneven migrations, including one that provides clues of a Late Pleistocene Australasian genetic signal, and a later Mesoamerican-related expansion. These led to complex and dynamic population histories from North to South America.

    AB - Studies of the peopling of the Americas have focused on the timing and number of initial migrations. Less attention has been paid to the subsequent spread of people within the Americas. We sequenced 15 ancient human genomes spanning Alaska to Patagonia; six are ≥10,000 years old (up to ~18× coverage). All are most closely related to Native Americans, including an Ancient Beringian individual, and two morphologically distinct "Paleoamericans." We find evidence of rapid dispersal and early diversification, including previously unknown groups, as people moved south. This resulted in multiple independent, geographically uneven migrations, including one that provides clues of a Late Pleistocene Australasian genetic signal, and a later Mesoamerican-related expansion. These led to complex and dynamic population histories from North to South America.

    U2 - 10.1126/science.aav2621

    DO - 10.1126/science.aav2621

    M3 - Journal article

    VL - 362

    JO - Science

    JF - Science

    SN - 0036-8075

    IS - 6419

    M1 - eaav2621

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    Moreno-Mayar JV, Vinner L, de Barros Damgaard P, de la Fuente C, Chan J, Spence JP et al. Early human dispersals within the Americas. Science. 2018;362(6419). eaav2621. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aav2621