Dyonic zero-energy modes

Morten I.K. Munk, Asbjørn Rasmussen, Michele Burrello

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One-dimensional systems with topological order are intimately related to the appearance of zero-energy modes localized on their boundaries. The most common example is the Kitaev chain, which displays Majorana zero-energy modes and it is characterized by a twofold ground-state degeneracy related to the global Z2 symmetry associated with fermionic parity. By extending the symmetry to the ZN group, it is possible to engineer systems hosting topological parafermionic modes. In this work, we address one-dimensional systems with a generic discrete symmetry group G. We define a ladder model of gauge fluxes that generalizes the Ising and Potts models and displays a symmetry broken phase. Through a non-Abelian Jordan-Wigner transformation, we map this flux ladder into a model of dyonic operators, defined by the group elements and irreducible representations of G. We show that the so-obtained dyonic model has topological order, with zero-energy modes localized at its boundary. These dyonic zero-energy modes are in general weak topological modes, but strong dyonic zero modes appear when suitable position-dependent couplings are considered.

Original languageEnglish
Article number245135
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number24
Number of pages28
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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