Dynamics of an Interacting Particle System: Evidence of Critical Slowing Down

Claes Djurberg, Peter Svedlindh, Per Nordblad, Mikkel Fougt Hansen, Franz Bødker, Steen Mørup

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Abstract

The dynamics of a magnetic particle system consisting of ultrafine Fe-C particles of monodisperse nature has been investigated in a large time window, 10(-9)-10(4) s, using Mossbauer spectroscopy, ac susceptibility, and zero field cooled magnetic relaxation measurements. By studying two samples from the same dilution series, with concentrations of 5 and 6 x 10(-3) vol%, respectively, it has been found that dipole-dipole interaction increases the characteristic relaxation time of the particle system at all temperatures investigated. The results for the most concentrated particle assembly are indicative of collective magnetic dynamics and critical slowing down at a finite temperature, T-g approximate to 40 K. Close to and below the transition temperature, an aging phenomenon is observed, another manifestation of collective magnetic dynamics.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume79
Issue number25
Pages (from-to)5154-5157
ISSN0031-9007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Bibliographical note

Copyright (1997) by the American Physical Society.

Keywords

  • RELAXATION-TIME
  • SPIN-GLASSES
  • SUPERPARAMAGNETIC RELAXATION

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