Dynamic simulation and analysis of a pilot-scale CO2 post-combustion capture unit using piperazine and MEA

Jozsef Gaspar, Luis Ricardez-Sandoval, John Bagterp Jørgensen, Philip Loldrup Fosbøl

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Post-combustion capture is a promising technology-for developing CO2 neutral power plants. However, to make it economically and technically feasible, capture plants must follow the fast and large load changes of the power plants without decreasing the overall performance of the plant. Dynamic modeling and simulation is therefore needed to evaluate the performance of this plant under critical operation.
In this work, we evaluate the transient response of an absorber and a desorber for step changes of key process parameters, e.g. flue gas flow and composition, lean and rich CO2 loading, etc. We show the results for the baseline 30 wt% MEA and the low energy piperazine (PZ) solutions. This analysis reveals that the absorber reaches steady-state faster using MEA compared to PZ. This is related to the shift of the mass transfer zone due to changes in temperature. The transient operation in the regeneration unit is somewhat similar while using both solvents: an initial fast decrease of the lean loading is followed by a slow transient period as the system approaches steady-state conditions. We show the presence of inverse response in the stripper column when the rich loading decreases or the feed's temperature reduces using PZ solvent. Thus, we demonstrate that the dynamics of the MEA system cannot be extrapolated to other solvents. (C) 2016, IFAC (International Federation of Automatic Control) Hosting, by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIFAC-PapersOnLine
Publication date2016
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event11th IFAC Symposium on Dynamics and Control of Process Systems Including Biosystems DYCOPS-CAB 2016 - Trondheim, Norway
Duration: 6 Jun 20168 Jun 2016
Conference number: 11


Conference11th IFAC Symposium on Dynamics and Control of Process Systems Including Biosystems DYCOPS-CAB 2016
Internet address
SeriesIFAC Proceedings Volumes (IFAC-PapersOnline)


  • Modelling and System Identification
  • Process Optimization and Plant wide Control
  • CO2 post-combustion capture


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