Dynamic Nuclear Polarization of [1-(13)C]pyruvic acid at 4.6 tesla

Haukur Jóhannesson, Sven Macholl, Jan Henrik Ardenkjær-Larsen

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Dynamic Nuclear Polarization (DNP) of the 13C nucleus has been investigated for [1-13C]pyruvic acid, doped with the trityl radical OX063Me, at 4.64T and 1.15K. The dependence of the polarization on microwave frequency, radical concentration and electron saturation was studied. For optimized conditions, a 13C polarization equal to 64±5% was obtained, an increase by more than a factor of two compared with earlier results at 3.35T of the same system. It was furthermore observed that the addition of gadolinium, which resulted in a twofold polarization increase at 3.35T, only resulted in a minor improvement at 4.64T. The dependence of the electron saturation on microwave frequency and microwave power was quantified by first moment measurements which were obtained by nucleus–electron double resonance (NEDOR) experiments. Complete electron saturation was observed for a microwave frequency close to the centre frequency of the ESR line, and by using maximum power of the microwave source. The DNP build-up time at 4.64T (∼3000s) was prolonged by approximately a factor three over the build-up time at 3.35T (∼1200s). However, after approximately 20min of microwave irradiation the polarization at 4.64T exceeded the polarization at 3.35T.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)167-175
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

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