Dynamic Modelling and Simulation of Electric Power Systems Using the Newton-Raphson Method

Rodrigo Garcia-Valle

Research output: Book/ReportPh.D. thesis

Abstract

The research work presented in this thesis is concerned with the development of a dynamic power flow computer algorithm using Newton's method. It addresses both the development of a positive sequence dynamic power flow algorithm for the dynamic study of balanced power systems and a fully-fledged three-phase dynamic power flow algorithm for the dynamic study of power systems exhibiting a significant degree of either structural or operational unbalance. As a prelude to the research work on dynamic power flows, a three-phase Newton-Raphson power flow algorithm in rectangular co-ordinates with conventional HVDC power plant modelling is presented in this thesis, emphasising the representation of converter control modes. The solution approach takes advantage of the strong numerical convergence afforded by the Newton-Raphson method to yield reliable numerical solutions for combined HVAC-HVDC systems, where power plant and operational imbalances are explicitly taken into account. The dynamic algorithm is particularly suited to carrying out long-term dynamic simulations and voltage stability assessments. Dynamic model representations of the power plants components and the load tap changing transformer are considered, and to widen the study range of dynamic voltage phenomena using this method, extensions have been made to include induction motor and polynomial load modelling features. Besides, reactive power compensators that base their modus operandi on the switching of power electronic valves, such as the HVDC-VSC and the STATCOM are taken into account. The dynamic power flow algorithm has primarily been developed making use of the positive sequence and dq representations. Extensions are made to developing a three-phase power flows dynamic algorithm. Test cases for the various dynamic elements developed in this research are presented to show the versatility of the models and simulation tool, including a trip cascading event leading up to a wide-area voltage collapse. Comparisons with the output of a conventional transient stability program carried out where appropriate.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages218
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes

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