Dynamic gauge adjustment of high-resolution X-band radar data for convective rain storms: Model-based evaluation against measured combined sewer overflow

Morten Borup, Morten Grum, Jens Jørgen Linde, Peter Steen Mikkelsen

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Abstract

Numerous studies have shown that radar rainfall estimates need to be adjusted against rain gauge measurements in order to be useful for hydrological modelling. In the current study we investigate if adjustment can improve radar rainfall estimates to the point where they can be used for modelling overflows from urban drainage systems, and we furthermore investigate the importance of the aggregation period of the adjustment scheme. This is done by continuously adjusting X-band radar data based on the previous 5–30 min of rain data recorded by multiple rain gauges and propagating the rainfall estimates through a hydraulic urban drainage model. The model is built entirely from physical data, without any calibration, to avoid bias towards any specific type of rainfall estimate. The performance is assessed by comparing measured and modelled water levels at a weir downstream of a highly impermeable, well defined, 64 ha urban catchment, for nine overflow generating rain events. The dynamically adjusted radar data perform best when the aggregation period is as small as 10–20 min, in which case it performs much better than static adjusted radar data and data from rain gauges situated 2–3 km away.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Hydrology
Volume539
Pages (from-to)687-699
Number of pages13
ISSN0022-1694
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Radar
  • Rainfall
  • Stormwater
  • Dynamic adjustment
  • Distributed hydraulic model
  • Combined sewer overflow

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