Dynamic control of gene expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae engineered for the production of plant sesquitepene α-santalene in a fed-batch mode

Gionata Scalcinati, Christoph Knuf, Siavash Partow, Yun Chen, Jerome Maury, Michel Schalk, Laurent Daviet, Jens Nielsen, Verena Siewers

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Microbial cells engineered for efficient production of plant sesquiterpenes may allow for sustainable and scalable production of these compounds that can be used as e.g. perfumes and pharmaceuticals. Here, for the first time a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain capable of producing high levels of α-santalene, the precursor of a commercially interesting compound, was constructed through a rationally designed metabolic engineering approach. Optimal sesquiterpene production was obtained by modulating the expression of one of the key metabolic steps of the mevalonate (MVA) pathway, squalene synthase (Erg9). To couple ERG9 expression to glucose concentration its promoter was replaced by the HXT1 promoter. In a second approach, the HXT2 promoter was used to express an ERG9 antisense construct. Using the HXT1 promoter to control ERG9 expression, it was possible to divert the carbon flux from sterol synthesis towards α-santalene improving the productivity by 3.4 fold. Combining this approach together with the overexpression of a truncated form of 3-hydroxyl-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGR) and deletion of lipid phosphate phosphatase encoded by LPP1 led to a strain with a productivity of 0.18mg/gDCWh. The titer was further increased by deleting DPP1 encoding a second FPP consuming pyrophosphate phosphatase yielding a final productivity and titer, respectively, of 0.21mg/gDCWh and 92mg/l of α-santalene.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalMetabolic Engineering
    Volume14
    Issue number2
    Pages (from-to)91-103
    ISSN1096-7176
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Keywords

    • Metabolic engineering
    • Isoprenoids
    • Farnesyl diphosphate
    • Ergosterol
    • Squalene synthase
    • Saccharomyces cerevisiae

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