The application of anaerobic digestion (AD) as process technology is increasing worldwide: the production of biogas, a versatile form of renewable energy, from biomass and organic waste materials allows mitigating greenhouse gas emission from the energy and transportation sectors while treating waste. However, the successful operation of AD processes is challenged by economic and technological issues. To overcome these barriers, mathematical modelling of the bioconversion process can provide support to develop strategies for controlling and optimizing the AD process. The objective of this study was to apply a dynamic mathematical model to simulate the co-digestion of different urban organic wastes (UOW). The modelling was based on experimental activities, during which two reactors (R1, R2) were operated at hydraulic retention times (HRT) of 30, 20, 15, 10 days, in thermophilic conditions (55 oC). Sludge, food waste, grass clippings, garden waste were co-digested with VS-based mixing ratios of 10:67.5:15.75:6.75 and 10:45:31.5:13.5 in R1 and R2 respectively. The BioModel (Angelidaki et al., 1999) was then employed with minor modifications of model parameters. The model outputs were validated with experimental results using AD of mixed sludge as single substrate and UOW as co-substrate. The process parameters values were reasonably predicted by the model, showing good correlation with the measured data. Identification of optimal scenarios for co-digestion of UOW, with changing HRT and feedstock compositions, was performed with multi-parameter pareto optimization. The results of the optimization demonstrated that tradeoff between productivity, methane yield and stable process operation should be taken in to consideration.
|Number of pages||1|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
|Event||BioCycle REFOR16 - 16th annual conference - Florida, United States|
Duration: 17 Oct 2016 → 20 Oct 2016
Conference number: 16
|Conference||BioCycle REFOR16 - 16th annual conference|
|Period||17/10/2016 → 20/10/2016|