Durability and Performance of High Performance Infiltration Cathodes

Alfred Junio Samson, Martin Søgaard, Per Hjalmarsson, Johan Hjelm, Nikolaos Bonanos, Søren Preben Vagn Foghmoes, Tania Ramos

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Abstract

The performance and durability of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) cathodes consisting of a porous Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (CGO) infiltrated with nitrates corresponding to the nominal compositions La0.6Sr0.4Co1.05O3-δ (LSC), LaCoO3-δ (LC), and Co3O4 are discussed. At 600°C, the polarization resistance, Rp, varied as: LSC (0.062Ωcm2)<LC (0.079Ωcm2)<Co3O4 (0.27Ωcm2). High temperature X-ray diffraction revealed a number of different phases in LSC and LC. The electrochemical performance of the LSC-infiltrated CGO cathode was found to depend on the infiltrate firing temperature and is suggested to originate from a complex interplay between the formation, percolation, and surface area of electronically conducting and catalytically active phases. Simplified models that predict the Rp of LSC-infiltrated CGO were applied and showed that the performance is not only characterized by the nanoscale size of the infiltrate but also from a better surface exchange property. A 450h test of an LSC-infiltrated CGO cathode showed an Rp with final degradation rate of only 11mΩcm2kh-1. An SOFC with an LSC-infiltrated CGO cathode tested for 1,500h at 700°C and 0.5Acm-2 (60% fuel, 20% air utilization) revealed no measurable degradation. © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFuel Cells
Volume13
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)511-519
ISSN1615-6846
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event10th European SOFC Forum - Kultur- und Kongresszentrum Luzern, Luzern, Switzerland
Duration: 26 Jun 201229 Jun 2012

Conference

Conference10th European SOFC Forum
LocationKultur- und Kongresszentrum Luzern
CountrySwitzerland
CityLuzern
Period26/06/201229/06/2012

Keywords

  • Cathode
  • Degradation
  • Electrocatalyst
  • Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy
  • SOFC

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