Durability and degradation of vapor-fed direct dimethyl ether high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article – Annual report year: 2019Researchpeer-review

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Dimethyl ether (DME) combines high energy density with easy handling and low toxicity and is therefore an attractive fuel. The absence of carbon-carbon bonds allows for electro-oxidation with good kinetics and it is therefore particularly interesting for use in fuel cells. This work presents the first durability studies of vapor-fed direct dimethyl ether fuel cells with phosphoric acid doped polybenzimidazole membranes as electrolytes. Fuel cells are operated in direct DME mode at 160 and 200 °C and the cell voltage at a constant current load of 100 mA cm−2 is recorded over more than 200 h. Regular electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and polarization data are used as diagnostic measures to monitor the cell characteristics. It is shown that the cell performance deteriorates severely within 200 h of operation at 160 or 200 °C. The degradation is connected to different modes that ultimately result in both increasing polarization resistance and increasing area specific resistance, which may be connected to the chemical incompatibility between the fuel and the electrolyte.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume432
Pages (from-to)30-37
ISSN0378-7753
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

    Research areas

  • Durability, Fuel cell, Polybenzimidazole, Dimethyl ether, Phosphoric acid

ID: 182701755