Ductile shear failure or plug failure of spot welds modelled by modified Gurson model

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For resistance spot welded shear-lab specimens, interfacial failure under ductile shearing or ductile plug failure are analyzed numerically, using a shear modified Gurson model. The interfacial shear failure occurs under very low stress triaxiality, where the original Gurson model would predict void nucleation and very limited void growth. Void coalescence would therefore be largely postponed. However, using the shear modification of the Gurson model, recently introduced by Nahshon and Hutchinson (2008) [1], failure prediction is possible at zero or even negative mean stress. Since, this shear modification has too large effect in some cases where the stress triaxiality is rather high, an extension is proposed in the present study to better represent the damage development at moderate to high stress triaxiality, which is known to be well described by the Gurson model. Failure prediction and tensile response curves for an interfacial shear failure or a ductile plug failure, are here compared when using either the original Gurson model, the shear modified model, or the extension to the shear modified model. The suggested extension makes it possible to use the shear modified model as a simple way of accounting for damage development under low triaxiality shearing, without further increasing the damage rate in regions of moderate to high stress triaxiality.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEngineering Fracture Mechanics
Pages (from-to)1031-1047
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • Damage
  • Resistance spot weld
  • Shear-lab test
  • Shear modified Gurson


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