Dual-guiding-layer resonance structure with an embedded metasurface for quasi-critical coupling without a perfect mirror

Gyeong Cheol Park*, Kwangwook Park

*Corresponding author for this work

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We propose an all-dielectric quasi-one-port resonance structure that achieves near perfect absorption without the use of a back mirror. The structure mainly consists of a high-refractive-index silicon metasurface and surrounding high-refractive-index guiding layers. The dual-guiding-layer (DGL) structure has high background reflectance and is designed to have a ratio of two decay rates into the upper and lower regions within a wider range. When an absorbing material is introduced into a DGL system, it can be designed to achieve a near critical-coupling condition by reducing the constraints in the two decay rates. By using single-layer graphene as an absorbing material, the DGL resonance structure shows an absorption of ~ 97% and a phase change of ∼ 0.95π near the wavelength of 1550 nm, confirming quasi-critical coupling. The optimized DGL structure is relatively insensitive to potential fabrication imperfections, and consequently, the expected average peak wavelength and absorption are obtained as 1549.29 nm and 96.74%, respectively. Angle-dependent absorption confirms that maximum absorption occurs under normal incidence. The DGL absorber is also designed to cover the whole C-band region, in order to meet the quasi-critical-coupling condition. All mode profiles are similarly quasi-symmetric along the metasurface due to the same DGL resonance mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16014
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020

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