Drainage of the ice-dammed Lake Tinninilik, West Greenland; implication on bedrock uplift

Kristian Kjellerup Kjeldsen, Shfaqat Abbas Khan, Anders Anker Bjørk, Karina Nielsen

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Drainage of ice-dammed lakes is regularly observed along the margin of the Greenland Ice Sheet. However, the speed of the drainage events and implications can vary depending on the size of the lakes and the local settings. Here, we assess the drainage pattern of Lake Tinninilik, dammed by Sarqardliup sermia in West Greenland, using air- and satellite-borne laser- and radar altimetry supplemented with Landsat imagery. We combine the observations with DEMs from aerial imagery to derive lake volume changes which we compare against GPS data used to monitor crustal uplift caused by mass loss close to the site.Our results suggest that the previous pattern of drainage every 10th year has changed to every ~7th year, likely a result of enhanced melting over the last decade in the region. Furthermore, the lake drainage, resulting in a c. 70 m elevation change of the lake level, can occur in less than two months. Preliminary GPS results suggest instantaneous motion of a few centimeters of the solid bedrock in response the rapid drainage of the lake and thus support previous findings derived from radar interferograms that attribute vertical land motion to lake drainage.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2015
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event2015 AGU Fall Meeting - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 14 Dec 201518 Dec 2015
Conference number: 48
http://fallmeeting.agu.org/2015/

Conference

Conference2015 AGU Fall Meeting
Number48
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period14/12/201518/12/2015
Internet address

Cite this

Kjeldsen, K. K., Khan, S. A., Bjørk, A. A., & Nielsen, K. (2015). Drainage of the ice-dammed Lake Tinninilik, West Greenland; implication on bedrock uplift. Abstract from 2015 AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, United States.
Kjeldsen, Kristian Kjellerup ; Khan, Shfaqat Abbas ; Bjørk, Anders Anker ; Nielsen, Karina. / Drainage of the ice-dammed Lake Tinninilik, West Greenland; implication on bedrock uplift. Abstract from 2015 AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, United States.1 p.
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abstract = "Drainage of ice-dammed lakes is regularly observed along the margin of the Greenland Ice Sheet. However, the speed of the drainage events and implications can vary depending on the size of the lakes and the local settings. Here, we assess the drainage pattern of Lake Tinninilik, dammed by Sarqardliup sermia in West Greenland, using air- and satellite-borne laser- and radar altimetry supplemented with Landsat imagery. We combine the observations with DEMs from aerial imagery to derive lake volume changes which we compare against GPS data used to monitor crustal uplift caused by mass loss close to the site.Our results suggest that the previous pattern of drainage every 10th year has changed to every ~7th year, likely a result of enhanced melting over the last decade in the region. Furthermore, the lake drainage, resulting in a c. 70 m elevation change of the lake level, can occur in less than two months. Preliminary GPS results suggest instantaneous motion of a few centimeters of the solid bedrock in response the rapid drainage of the lake and thus support previous findings derived from radar interferograms that attribute vertical land motion to lake drainage.",
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Kjeldsen, KK, Khan, SA, Bjørk, AA & Nielsen, K 2015, 'Drainage of the ice-dammed Lake Tinninilik, West Greenland; implication on bedrock uplift', 2015 AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, United States, 14/12/2015 - 18/12/2015.

Drainage of the ice-dammed Lake Tinninilik, West Greenland; implication on bedrock uplift. / Kjeldsen, Kristian Kjellerup; Khan, Shfaqat Abbas; Bjørk, Anders Anker; Nielsen, Karina.

2015. Abstract from 2015 AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

TY - ABST

T1 - Drainage of the ice-dammed Lake Tinninilik, West Greenland; implication on bedrock uplift

AU - Kjeldsen, Kristian Kjellerup

AU - Khan, Shfaqat Abbas

AU - Bjørk, Anders Anker

AU - Nielsen, Karina

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Drainage of ice-dammed lakes is regularly observed along the margin of the Greenland Ice Sheet. However, the speed of the drainage events and implications can vary depending on the size of the lakes and the local settings. Here, we assess the drainage pattern of Lake Tinninilik, dammed by Sarqardliup sermia in West Greenland, using air- and satellite-borne laser- and radar altimetry supplemented with Landsat imagery. We combine the observations with DEMs from aerial imagery to derive lake volume changes which we compare against GPS data used to monitor crustal uplift caused by mass loss close to the site.Our results suggest that the previous pattern of drainage every 10th year has changed to every ~7th year, likely a result of enhanced melting over the last decade in the region. Furthermore, the lake drainage, resulting in a c. 70 m elevation change of the lake level, can occur in less than two months. Preliminary GPS results suggest instantaneous motion of a few centimeters of the solid bedrock in response the rapid drainage of the lake and thus support previous findings derived from radar interferograms that attribute vertical land motion to lake drainage.

AB - Drainage of ice-dammed lakes is regularly observed along the margin of the Greenland Ice Sheet. However, the speed of the drainage events and implications can vary depending on the size of the lakes and the local settings. Here, we assess the drainage pattern of Lake Tinninilik, dammed by Sarqardliup sermia in West Greenland, using air- and satellite-borne laser- and radar altimetry supplemented with Landsat imagery. We combine the observations with DEMs from aerial imagery to derive lake volume changes which we compare against GPS data used to monitor crustal uplift caused by mass loss close to the site.Our results suggest that the previous pattern of drainage every 10th year has changed to every ~7th year, likely a result of enhanced melting over the last decade in the region. Furthermore, the lake drainage, resulting in a c. 70 m elevation change of the lake level, can occur in less than two months. Preliminary GPS results suggest instantaneous motion of a few centimeters of the solid bedrock in response the rapid drainage of the lake and thus support previous findings derived from radar interferograms that attribute vertical land motion to lake drainage.

M3 - Conference abstract for conference

ER -

Kjeldsen KK, Khan SA, Bjørk AA, Nielsen K. Drainage of the ice-dammed Lake Tinninilik, West Greenland; implication on bedrock uplift. 2015. Abstract from 2015 AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, United States.