Here the draft genome sequence of Lactobacillus paracasei strain DTA83, isolated from stools of healthy infants in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), is reported. The 2.8-Mb genome possesses 2825 protein-coding sequences distributed on 330 SEED subsystems. This strain belongs to a set of potentially probiotic Lactobacillus spp. strains used to study genetic factors related to antibiotic resistance after stress conditions, such as simulated gastrointestinal conditions. The complete genome data have been deposited in GenBank under the accession number QRBH00000000, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/ QRBH00000000.