Does the Environmental Gain of Switching to the Healthy New Nordic Diet Outweigh the Increased Consumer Cost?

Henrik Saxe, Jørgen Dejgard Jensen

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    Abstract

    The new Nordic diet (NND) was designed by gastronomic, nutritional and environmental specialists to be a palatable, healthy and sustainable diet containing 30%-40% less meat than the average Danish diet (ADD), ≥ 75% organics, and more locally grown wholegrain products, nuts, fruit and vegetables. In this study, the NND was based on economic modelling to represent a “realistic NND bought by Danish consumers”. The objective was to investigate whether the ADD-to-NND diet-shift has environmental consequences that outweigh the increased consumer cost of the diet-shift. The diet-shift reduced the three most important environmental impacts by 16%-22%, mainly caused by reduced meat content. The surcharge to consumers of the ADD-to-NND diet-shift was €216/capita/year. In monetary terms, the savings related to the environmental impact of the diet-shift were €151/capita/year. 70% of the increased consumer cost of the ADD-to-NND diet-shift was countered by the reduced socioeconomic advantage associated with the reduced environmental impact of the NND.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Food Science and Engineering
    Volume4
    Pages (from-to)291-300
    ISSN2159-5828
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Keywords

    • Environmental impact
    • Health
    • Life Cycle Assessment
    • Meat
    • New Nordic Diet
    • OPUS
    • Organics
    • Socioeconomic cost

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