DNA-analysis to monitor fisheries and aquaculture: Too costly?

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article – Annual report year: 2019Researchpeer-review


  • Author: Martinsohn, Jann Th.

    European Commission Joint Research Centre Institute, Italy

  • Author: Raymond, Paul

    NOAA, United States

  • Author: Knott, Trey

    NOAA, United States

  • Author: Glover, Kevin A.

    Institute of Marine Research

  • Author: Eg Nielsen, Einar

    Section for Marine Living Resources, National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, Vejlsøvej 39, 8600, Silkeborg, Denmark

  • Author: Eriksen, Lars Bonde

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Denmark

  • Author: Ogden, Rob

    University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom

  • Author: Casey, John

    European Commission Joint Research Centre Institute, Italy

  • Author: Guillén, Jordi

    European Commission Joint Research Centre Institute, Italy

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Evidence from DNA‐analysis is commonplace in human criminal investigations, and while it is increasingly being used in wildlife crime, to date, its application to control and enforcement activities in fisheries and aquaculture has only been sporadic. Contemporary DNA‐analysis tools are capable of addressing a broad range of compliance issues, species identification, mislabelling of fish products, determining the origin of catches and the farm of origin of aquaculture escapees. Such applications have the potential to ensure traceability along the fish product supply chain and to combat consumer fraud and Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated fishing. Nevertheless, DNA‐analysis is not yet used routinely in investigations into compliance with fisheries and aquaculture legislation. One potential reason for this is that DNA‐analysis techniques may have been regarded as too expensive. However, costs have plummeted over the past decade prompting us to objectively assess whether the costs associated with routine use of DNA‐analysis techniques for fisheries and aquaculture control and enforcement activities do constitute an impediment. Based on a number of recent fisheries and aquaculture compliance investigations that incorporated DNA‐analysis, our results indicate that the use of genetic analysis was justified and worthwhile in all cases examined. We therefore conclude that the costs associated with DNA‐analysis do not represent a barrier to the routine adoption of DNA‐analysis techniques in fisheries and aquaculture compliance investigations. Thus, control and enforcement agencies should be encouraged to use such techniques routinely.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFish and Fisheries
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)391-401
Publication statusPublished - 2019
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

    Research areas

  • Control, Enforcement, Genetics, Genomics, Marine resource management

ID: 163786356