DNA damage detected by the alkaline comet assay in the liver of mice after oral administration of tetrachloroethylene

H. Cederberg, J. Henriksson, Mona-Lise Binderup

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Induction of DNA damage in the liver and kidney of male CD1 mice was studied by means of the alkaline Comet assay after oral administration of tetrachloroethylene at the doses of 1000 and 2000 mg/kg/day. A statistically significant dose-related increase in tail intensity was established in hepatocytes, indicating that tetrachloroethylene induced DNA damage in the liver. No effect on DNA damage was observed in the kidney. The results are in agreement with carcinogenicity data in mice, in which tetrachloroethylene induced tumours in the liver but not in the kidney, and support that a genotoxic mode of action might be involved in liver carcinogenicity in mice. An alternative interpretation of the results conveyed by the Study director at the test facility, involving that tetrachloroethylene did not induce DNA damage in the liver and kidney of mice, is also presented and discussed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMutagenesis
Volume25
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)133-138
ISSN0267-8357
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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