Diversity of trion states and substrate effects in the optical properties of an MoS2 monolayer

Matthias Drueppel, Thorsten Deilmann, Peter Krueger, Michael Rohlfing

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Abstract

Almost all experiments and future applications of transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers rely on a substrate for mechanical stability, which can significantly modify the optical spectra of the monolayer. Doping from the substrate might lead to the domination of the spectra by trions. Here we show by ab initio many-body theory that the negative trion (A-) splits into three excitations, with both inter-and intra-valley character, while the positive counterpart (A+) consists of only one inter-valley excitation. Furthermore, the substrate enhances the screening, which renormalizes both band gap and exciton as well as the trion-binding energies. We verify that these two effects do not perfectly cancel each other, but lead to redshifts of the excitation energies for three different substrates ranging from a wide-bandgap semiconductor up to a metal. Our results explain recently found experimental splittings of the lowest trion line as well as excitation red-shifts on substrates.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNature Communications
Volume8
Issue number1
Number of pages7
ISSN2041-1723
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

© The Author(s) 2017. Open Access. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

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