Distribution of Organic Compounds from Municipal Solid Waste in the Groundwater Downgradient of a Landfill (Grindsted, Denmark)

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    The distribution of organic compounds in the leachate plume downgradient of the Grindsted Landfill was mapped along two 300 m long transects (285 groundwater samples). At the border of the landfill, elevated concentrations of dissolved organic matter 30-1 10 mg of C L-' (measured as nonvolatile organic carbon, NVOC) were found. In a distance of 130 m downgradient of the landfill, the NVOC had decreased to background level, which is 1-3 mg of C L-l. More than 15 organic compounds were identified in the groundwater at the downgradient border of the landfill with benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes as dominating. No pesticides were identified, but some phenoxy acids, which could be metabolites of known pesticides, were found. In a distance of approximately 60 m from the landfill, most of the specific organic compounds were no longer detectable. Since dilution and sorption apparently cannot account for the disappearance of the specific organic compounds within the first 60 m of the plume, it is proposed that the majority of the specific organic compounds were degraded in the anaerobic plum e under met ha nog eni c/su If ate- red u c ing or ironreducing conditions. The investigation indicates that the aquifer has a substantial natural attenuation capacity.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalEnvironmental Science & Technology (Washington)
    Pages (from-to)1395-1400
    Publication statusPublished - 1995

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