Distributed optimization for nonrigid nano-tomography

Viktor Nikitin, Vincent De Andrade, Azat Slyamov, Benjamin J. Gould, Yuepeng Zhang, Vandana Sampathkumar, Narayanan Kasthuri, Doga Gursoy, Francesco De Carlo

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Resolution level and reconstruction quality in nano-computed tomography (nano-CT) are in part limited by the stability of microscopes, because the magnitude of mechanical vibrations during scanning becomes comparable to the imaging resolution, and the ability of the samples to resist beam damage during data acquisition. In such cases, there is no incentive in recovering the sample state at different time steps like in time-resolved reconstruction methods, but instead the goal is to retrieve a single reconstruction at the highest possible spatial resolution and without any imaging artifacts. Here we propose a joint solver for imaging samples at the nanoscale with projection alignment, unwarping and regularization. Projection data consistency is regulated by dense optical flow estimated by Farneback's algorithm, leading to sharp sample reconstructions with less artifacts. Synthetic data tests show robustness of the method to Poisson and low-frequency background noise. Applicability of the method is demonstrated on two large-scale nano-imaging experimental data sets.
Original languageEnglish
JournalI E E E Transactions on Computational Imaging
Pages (from-to)272-287
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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