Distinction of genotypes of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) by monoclonal antibodies

Takafumi Ito, J. Kurita, M. Sano, Helle Frank Skall, Niels Lorenzen, Niels Jørgen Olesen

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearch


    VHSV isolates can be divided into 4 major genotypes and a number of subtypes with an almost distinct geographical distribution. Host range and pathogenicity appear to some extent to be linked with genotypes. Once new genotypes of VHSV will be introduced into new areas, they can cause severe outbreaks of VHS among susceptible fishes. According to the OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code, even if the same disease agent is present in both the import and the export country, the importing country can demand health certificate of the exporting country for imports when the pathogenicity or host range of the strain in the exporting country is significantly higher or larger than that in the importing country. In order to prevent introduction to or spreading in a country of new genotypes of VHSV and to facilitate the responsibilities of exporting and importing countries, such as issuing health certificates and carry out quarantine and disease control programs, a quick and simple detection method for discriminating between each the genotypes of VHSV is strongly desired. Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) VHS-10 and VHS-5.18 specifically recognizing VHSV genotypes IVa and Ib respectively, as well as MAb IP5B11 recognizing all known VHSV isolates, were prepared earlier. In the present study, more new genotype specific monoclonal antibodies against VHSV were produced, aiming at establishing a complete immunoassay for typing of VHSV according to genotype. BALb-c mice were immunized with purified preparations of 7 different genotypes of VHSV (I, Ia, Ib, II, III, IVa and IVb). Six MAbs from these hybridoma clones were selected and their MAbs reactivity in IFAT and ELISA tested against a large panel of 79 VHSV isolates. The isolates representing all known geno- and subgenotypes of VHSV. Among the new MAbs, VHS-1.24, reacted with all types except genotype Ie (the Black Sea variant of VHSV), while MAb VHS-9.23 reacted with all genotypes except genotype III. MAb VHS-3.80 reacted with genotypes Ib, Ic, Id and II, only. MAb VHS-7.57 reacted with genotype II and IVa. Interestingly, MAb VHS-3.75 reacted with all genotype III isolates except the rainbow trout pathogenic isolate from Norway (NO-2007-50-385) (Dale et al. in press), but did react with the New Brunswick VHSV IVb isolate (Oliver 2002, Gagné et al. 2007). Another MAb (VHS-1.88) reacted with genotype IVb only, except with the New Brunswick isolate. The present findings support a phenotypic difference between NO-2007-50-385 and the other virus representatives in genotype III, and genotype IVb may eventually be split up in two subgroups (the Great Lakes isolates and New Brunswick isolate). In conclusion, we can now distinguish between all genotypes and some of subtypes of VHSV by testing isolates in IFAT or ELISA with 9 MAbs (Table 1).
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication date2009
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    Event14th EAFP International Conference on Diseases of Fish and Shellfish - Prague, Czech Republic
    Duration: 14 Sep 200919 Sep 2009
    Conference number: 14


    Conference14th EAFP International Conference on Diseases of Fish and Shellfish
    Country/TerritoryCzech Republic


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