Dissolution kinetics of nanoscale liquid Pb/Bi inclusions at a grain boundary in aluminum

S.I. Prokofjev, Erik Johnson, V.M. Zhilin, U. Dahmen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    In situ transmission electron microscopy is used to study dissolution of liquid single-phase Pb/Bi inclusions attached to a grain boundary in an alloy of Al99.29Pb0.65Bi0.06 at temperatures of 343, 370, and 389 degrees C, respectively. The initial size of the inclusions was smaller than 60 nm. Dissolution of the inclusions was observed until their complete disappearance. Digitized video recordings of the process of dissolution were used to obtain the dependence of the inclusion size with time. The kinetics of the dissolution of the grain boundary inclusions can be described with a model where it is assumed that grain-boundary diffusion of Pb and Bi is the controlling mechanism. The high value (2.3 eV) of the apparent activation enthalpy of dissolution indicates that the process is likely governed by the large negative enthalpies of solubility of Pb and Bi in Al.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Materials Science
    Issue number11
    Pages (from-to)3894-3899
    Publication statusPublished - 2008


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