Dispersants for silicon carbide in water ‐ a comparative study

Søren Preben Vagn Foghmoes, Jan Hoffmann Jørgensen, Karsten Agersted, Marianne Nielsen, Michela Della Negra*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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The present work describes a comparative study on a pool of 12 dispersants for the de‐agglomeration and stabilization of silicon carbide in aqueous suspensions with solids loading relevant for dip coating applications. As silicon carbide slurries may include sintering aids, different functional groups, molecular weight, and stabilization mechanisms were considered for the dispersants to be able to stabilize both slurry components. Additionally, pH effect, toxicity, additive compatibility, and foaming properties were considered, giving all the necessary information for developing new aqueous formulation of SiC suspensions, including advantages and disadvantages of the different candidates. Different de‐agglomeration procedures, powder surface area and calcination temperature are also considered to study the effect of the SiC surface properties.

The outcome is that slurry stabilization provided by an alkaline environment at pH larger than 8‐9 is significantly more effective than slurry stabilization by any of the tested dispersants. Alkaline environments facilitate a negative surface charge on SiC particles and provides a stable electrostatic stabilisation mechanism not observed in neutral or acidic environments. One among the dispersant candidates (FA 4404) seems to broaden slightly the range of stability towards the acidic regime. Anionic surfactants or block co‐polymers tested exhibited no significant interaction with the SiC particles.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)1164-1173
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Ceramic processing
  • Dispersants
  • Silicon carbide
  • Slurries


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