Dislocation Climb Sources Activated by 1 MeV Electron Irradiation of Copper-Nickel Alloys

P. Barlow, Torben Leffers

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    Climb sources emitting dislocation loops are observed in Cu-Ni alloys during irradiation with 1 MeV electrons in a high voltage electron microscope. High source densities are found in alloys containing 5, 10 and 20% Ni, but sources are also observed in alloys containing 1 and 2% Ni. The range of irradiation temperatures corresponding to the highest source densities is approximately 350°–500°C. The climb sources are not related to any pre-existing dislocations resolved in the microscope. The sources emit three types of loop: ‘rectangular’ loops with a100 Burgers vector and {100} habit plane, normal prismatic loops with Burgers vector a/2110, and Frank loops. There is no significant difference between the apparent activation energy for growth of the three types of loops. The source points are suggested to be submicroscopic nickel precipitates-with reference to the existing evidence that, thermodynamically, there is not complete miscibility in the Cu-Ni system as implied by the published phase diagrams. It is furthermore suggested that these precipitates are platelets of Ni atoms on {100} planes, which would account for the formation of the rectangular loops. The binding energy between vacancies and Ni precipitates in Cu-10% Ni is estimated to be 0·3 eV.
    Original languageEnglish
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)565-583
    Publication statusPublished - 1977


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