Disease associated population effects of commercial fish and shellfish species (ToR g)

T. Lang, A. Alfjorden, S.W. Feist, S. Ford, S. Jones, S. MacLean, Lone Madsen, V. Öresland, T. Renault, G. Stentiford

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingReport chapterResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Pathogens are increasingly reported from populations of aquatic animals. Variations in the frequency and abundance of pathogens depend on spatial or temporal factors as well as those related to host effects such as age or condition. Similarly, the devel-opment of a disease is a function of the combined effects of the pathogen, host and environmental factors. Diseases may be one of several biological and non-biological factors regulating the abundance and composition of stocks or populations of aquatic organisms. Here we review evidence for population effects associated with diseases in wild marine gastropods, bivalves, crustaceans, and fishes. The report provides in-formation on the types of diseases, together with data on diagnostic criteria, causative agents, geographical ranges and effects at the individual and population level. A dis-cussion of the significance of the findings and references to key publications are pro-vided. The overview shows that the effects of diseases may occur at various life stages of affected hosts. The extent to which these effects lead to measurable popula-tion changes (e.g., in growth, reproduction, mortality, recruitment, population de-mography, geographical distribution) is best evident in those populations already subject to long-term population level monitoring, such as in commercial species. However, quantitative evidence of population effects is so far scarce. From the infor-mation available, it may be concluded that some diseases play a much larger role in population performance and dynamics in marine fish and shellfish than previously recognised. Therefore, methods for incorporating disease data into population/stock assessment models should be further explored. In the first instance, this will be rele-vant for commercial species, for which most information is available. However, the development of realistic mathematic models, taking into account population effects of diseases, are becoming also more relevant for non-commercial species, e.g., as part of coastal zone management or assessments of general marine ecology in the context of a more holistic ecosystem approach to marine management.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationICES WGPDMO REPORT 2015 : Report of the Working Group on Pathology and Diseases of Marine Organisms (WGPDMO)
    Place of PublicationCopenhagen V
    PublisherInternational Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
    Publication date2015
    Pages30-89
    Chapter5.6
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Cite this

    Lang, T., Alfjorden, A., Feist, S. W., Ford, S., Jones, S., MacLean, S., ... Stentiford, G. (2015). Disease associated population effects of commercial fish and shellfish species (ToR g). In ICES WGPDMO REPORT 2015: Report of the Working Group on Pathology and Diseases of Marine Organisms (WGPDMO) (pp. 30-89). Copenhagen V: International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES).
    Lang, T. ; Alfjorden, A. ; Feist, S.W. ; Ford, S. ; Jones, S. ; MacLean, S. ; Madsen, Lone ; Öresland, V. ; Renault, T. ; Stentiford, G. / Disease associated population effects of commercial fish and shellfish species (ToR g). ICES WGPDMO REPORT 2015: Report of the Working Group on Pathology and Diseases of Marine Organisms (WGPDMO). Copenhagen V : International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), 2015. pp. 30-89
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    abstract = "Pathogens are increasingly reported from populations of aquatic animals. Variations in the frequency and abundance of pathogens depend on spatial or temporal factors as well as those related to host effects such as age or condition. Similarly, the devel-opment of a disease is a function of the combined effects of the pathogen, host and environmental factors. Diseases may be one of several biological and non-biological factors regulating the abundance and composition of stocks or populations of aquatic organisms. Here we review evidence for population effects associated with diseases in wild marine gastropods, bivalves, crustaceans, and fishes. The report provides in-formation on the types of diseases, together with data on diagnostic criteria, causative agents, geographical ranges and effects at the individual and population level. A dis-cussion of the significance of the findings and references to key publications are pro-vided. The overview shows that the effects of diseases may occur at various life stages of affected hosts. The extent to which these effects lead to measurable popula-tion changes (e.g., in growth, reproduction, mortality, recruitment, population de-mography, geographical distribution) is best evident in those populations already subject to long-term population level monitoring, such as in commercial species. However, quantitative evidence of population effects is so far scarce. From the infor-mation available, it may be concluded that some diseases play a much larger role in population performance and dynamics in marine fish and shellfish than previously recognised. Therefore, methods for incorporating disease data into population/stock assessment models should be further explored. In the first instance, this will be rele-vant for commercial species, for which most information is available. However, the development of realistic mathematic models, taking into account population effects of diseases, are becoming also more relevant for non-commercial species, e.g., as part of coastal zone management or assessments of general marine ecology in the context of a more holistic ecosystem approach to marine management.",
    author = "T. Lang and A. Alfjorden and S.W. Feist and S. Ford and S. Jones and S. MacLean and Lone Madsen and V. {\"O}resland and T. Renault and G. Stentiford",
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    Lang, T, Alfjorden, A, Feist, SW, Ford, S, Jones, S, MacLean, S, Madsen, L, Öresland, V, Renault, T & Stentiford, G 2015, Disease associated population effects of commercial fish and shellfish species (ToR g). in ICES WGPDMO REPORT 2015: Report of the Working Group on Pathology and Diseases of Marine Organisms (WGPDMO). International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), Copenhagen V, pp. 30-89.

    Disease associated population effects of commercial fish and shellfish species (ToR g). / Lang, T.; Alfjorden, A.; Feist, S.W.; Ford, S.; Jones, S.; MacLean, S.; Madsen, Lone; Öresland, V.; Renault, T.; Stentiford, G.

    ICES WGPDMO REPORT 2015: Report of the Working Group on Pathology and Diseases of Marine Organisms (WGPDMO). Copenhagen V : International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), 2015. p. 30-89.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingReport chapterResearchpeer-review

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    AU - Alfjorden, A.

    AU - Feist, S.W.

    AU - Ford, S.

    AU - Jones, S.

    AU - MacLean, S.

    AU - Madsen, Lone

    AU - Öresland, V.

    AU - Renault, T.

    AU - Stentiford, G.

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    AB - Pathogens are increasingly reported from populations of aquatic animals. Variations in the frequency and abundance of pathogens depend on spatial or temporal factors as well as those related to host effects such as age or condition. Similarly, the devel-opment of a disease is a function of the combined effects of the pathogen, host and environmental factors. Diseases may be one of several biological and non-biological factors regulating the abundance and composition of stocks or populations of aquatic organisms. Here we review evidence for population effects associated with diseases in wild marine gastropods, bivalves, crustaceans, and fishes. The report provides in-formation on the types of diseases, together with data on diagnostic criteria, causative agents, geographical ranges and effects at the individual and population level. A dis-cussion of the significance of the findings and references to key publications are pro-vided. The overview shows that the effects of diseases may occur at various life stages of affected hosts. The extent to which these effects lead to measurable popula-tion changes (e.g., in growth, reproduction, mortality, recruitment, population de-mography, geographical distribution) is best evident in those populations already subject to long-term population level monitoring, such as in commercial species. However, quantitative evidence of population effects is so far scarce. From the infor-mation available, it may be concluded that some diseases play a much larger role in population performance and dynamics in marine fish and shellfish than previously recognised. Therefore, methods for incorporating disease data into population/stock assessment models should be further explored. In the first instance, this will be rele-vant for commercial species, for which most information is available. However, the development of realistic mathematic models, taking into account population effects of diseases, are becoming also more relevant for non-commercial species, e.g., as part of coastal zone management or assessments of general marine ecology in the context of a more holistic ecosystem approach to marine management.

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    Lang T, Alfjorden A, Feist SW, Ford S, Jones S, MacLean S et al. Disease associated population effects of commercial fish and shellfish species (ToR g). In ICES WGPDMO REPORT 2015: Report of the Working Group on Pathology and Diseases of Marine Organisms (WGPDMO). Copenhagen V: International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). 2015. p. 30-89