Discovery of a novel glucuronan lyase system in Trichoderma parareesei

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Abstract

Glucuronan lyases (EC 4.2.2.14) catalyze depolymerization of linear β-(1, 4)-polyglucuronic acid (glucuronan). Only a few glucuronan lyases have been characterized until now, most of them originating from bacteria. Here we report the discovery, recombinant production, and functional characterization of the full complement of six glucuronan specific polysaccharide lyases in the necrotic mycoparasite Trichoderma parareesei. The enzymes belong to four different polysaccharide lyase families and have different reaction optima and glucuronan degradation profiles. Four of them showed endo-lytic action and two, TpPL8A and TpPL38A, displayed exo-lytic action. NMR revealed that the monomeric end-product from TpPL8A and TpPL38A underwent spontaneous rearrangements to tautomeric forms. Proteomic analysis of the secretomes from T. parareesei growing on pure glucuronan and lyophilized A. bisporus fruiting bodies, respectively, showed secretion of five of the glucuronan lyases and HPAEC-PAD analysis confirmed the presence of glucuronic acid in the A. bisporus fruiting bodies. By systematic genome annotation of more than 100 fungal genomes and subsequent phylogenetic analysis of the putative glucuronan lyases, we show that glucuronan lyases occur in several ecological and taxonomic groups in the fungal kingdom. Our findings suggest that a diverse repertoire of glucuronan lyases is a common trait among Hypocreales spp. with mycoparasitic and entomopathogenic lifestyles.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
ISSN0099-2240
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Trichorderma
  • Enzyme discovery
  • Polysaccharide lyases
  • Glucoronan lyases

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