Direct nanoimprinting of moth-eye structures in chalcogenide glass for broadband antireflection in the mid-infrared

Mikkel Rønne Lotz, Christian Rosenberg Petersen, Christos Markos, Ole Bang, Mogens Havsteen Jakobsen, Rafael J. Taboryski*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Fresnel reflection at the boundary between two media of differing refractive indices is a major contributing factor to the overall loss in mid-infrared optical systems based on high-index materials such as chalcogenide glasses. In this paper, we present a study of broadband antireflective moth-eye structures directly nanoimprinted on the surfaces of arsenic triselenide (As2Se3)-based optical windows. Using rigorous coupled-wave analysis, we identify a relief design optimized for high transmittance (<1% reflectance) at 6 μm, which when nanoimprinted features a transmittance improvement (ΔT > 12%) in the 5.9–7.3 μm spectral range as well as improved omnidirectional properties. Finally, we demonstrate the adaptability of nanoimprinted surface reliefs by tailoring the nanostructure pitch and height, achieving both extremely broadband antireflective and highly efficient antireflective surface reliefs. The results and methods presented herein provide an efficient and scalable solution for improving the transmission of bulk optics, waveguides, and photonic devices in the mid-infrared.
Original languageEnglish
JournalOptica
Volume5
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)557-563
ISSN2334-2536
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Cite this

@article{53e4d1bb2fd049cdb7bd333bbb4fe8fd,
title = "Direct nanoimprinting of moth-eye structures in chalcogenide glass for broadband antireflection in the mid-infrared",
abstract = "Fresnel reflection at the boundary between two media of differing refractive indices is a major contributing factor to the overall loss in mid-infrared optical systems based on high-index materials such as chalcogenide glasses. In this paper, we present a study of broadband antireflective moth-eye structures directly nanoimprinted on the surfaces of arsenic triselenide (As2Se3)-based optical windows. Using rigorous coupled-wave analysis, we identify a relief design optimized for high transmittance (<1{\%} reflectance) at 6 μm, which when nanoimprinted features a transmittance improvement (ΔT > 12{\%}) in the 5.9–7.3 μm spectral range as well as improved omnidirectional properties. Finally, we demonstrate the adaptability of nanoimprinted surface reliefs by tailoring the nanostructure pitch and height, achieving both extremely broadband antireflective and highly efficient antireflective surface reliefs. The results and methods presented herein provide an efficient and scalable solution for improving the transmission of bulk optics, waveguides, and photonic devices in the mid-infrared.",
author = "Lotz, {Mikkel R{\o}nne} and Petersen, {Christian Rosenberg} and Christos Markos and Ole Bang and Jakobsen, {Mogens Havsteen} and Taboryski, {Rafael J.}",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1364/OPTICA.5.000557",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
pages = "557--563",
journal = "Optica",
issn = "2334-2536",
publisher = "The Optical Society (OSA)",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Direct nanoimprinting of moth-eye structures in chalcogenide glass for broadband antireflection in the mid-infrared

AU - Lotz, Mikkel Rønne

AU - Petersen, Christian Rosenberg

AU - Markos, Christos

AU - Bang, Ole

AU - Jakobsen, Mogens Havsteen

AU - Taboryski, Rafael J.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Fresnel reflection at the boundary between two media of differing refractive indices is a major contributing factor to the overall loss in mid-infrared optical systems based on high-index materials such as chalcogenide glasses. In this paper, we present a study of broadband antireflective moth-eye structures directly nanoimprinted on the surfaces of arsenic triselenide (As2Se3)-based optical windows. Using rigorous coupled-wave analysis, we identify a relief design optimized for high transmittance (<1% reflectance) at 6 μm, which when nanoimprinted features a transmittance improvement (ΔT > 12%) in the 5.9–7.3 μm spectral range as well as improved omnidirectional properties. Finally, we demonstrate the adaptability of nanoimprinted surface reliefs by tailoring the nanostructure pitch and height, achieving both extremely broadband antireflective and highly efficient antireflective surface reliefs. The results and methods presented herein provide an efficient and scalable solution for improving the transmission of bulk optics, waveguides, and photonic devices in the mid-infrared.

AB - Fresnel reflection at the boundary between two media of differing refractive indices is a major contributing factor to the overall loss in mid-infrared optical systems based on high-index materials such as chalcogenide glasses. In this paper, we present a study of broadband antireflective moth-eye structures directly nanoimprinted on the surfaces of arsenic triselenide (As2Se3)-based optical windows. Using rigorous coupled-wave analysis, we identify a relief design optimized for high transmittance (<1% reflectance) at 6 μm, which when nanoimprinted features a transmittance improvement (ΔT > 12%) in the 5.9–7.3 μm spectral range as well as improved omnidirectional properties. Finally, we demonstrate the adaptability of nanoimprinted surface reliefs by tailoring the nanostructure pitch and height, achieving both extremely broadband antireflective and highly efficient antireflective surface reliefs. The results and methods presented herein provide an efficient and scalable solution for improving the transmission of bulk optics, waveguides, and photonic devices in the mid-infrared.

U2 - 10.1364/OPTICA.5.000557

DO - 10.1364/OPTICA.5.000557

M3 - Journal article

VL - 5

SP - 557

EP - 563

JO - Optica

JF - Optica

SN - 2334-2536

IS - 5

ER -