Direct Conversion of CO2 into Alcohols Using Cu-Based Zeolite Catalysts

Dimitra Iltsiou, Jerrik Mielby*, Søren Kegnæs*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

The direct hydrogenation of CO2 into alcohols is an attractive but challenging catalytic reaction. Herein, it was shown that Cu nanoparticles supported on MFI and BEA zeolites have high catalytic activity and selectivity for converting CO2 into ethanol and isopropanol. Furthermore, we investigated the effect of introducing mesopores via carbon templating and encapsulating the Cu nanoparticles via subsequent recrystallization. All the catalysts were characterized by N2 physisorption, XRD, SEM, TEM, NH3 TPD, XPS, and XRF, before we tested them in a high-pressure water-filled autoclave with a constant partial pressure of CO2 (1 MPa) and an increasing partial pressure of H2 (3–5 MPa). In general, the mesoporous zeolite catalysts resulted in a higher CO2 conversion and selectivity toward ethanol than their non-mesoporous equivalents, while the recrystallized catalyst with encapsulated Cu nanoparticles had a higher selectivity towards isopropanol. For example, Cu@m-S1 showed the highest isopropanol productivity among the recrystallized mesoporous zeolites, corresponding to 20.51 mmol g−1 h−1 under the given reaction conditions. These findings highlight the importance of mesopores in zeolite catalysts for CO2 hydrogenation to alcohols and point a new direction for further research and development.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202300313
JournalChemPlusChem
Volume89
Number of pages8
ISSN2192-6506
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

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