Dimensional artefacts to achieve metrological traceability in advanced manufacturing

S. Carmignato*, L. De Chiffre, H. Bosse, R. K. Leach, A. Balsamo, W. T. Estler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Dimensional measurements play a central role in enabling advanced manufacturing technologies, enhancing the quality of products and increasing productivity. This role becomes even more important in the context of Industry 4.0, where reliable and accurate digital models of products, processes and production systems are needed. To establish the traceability chain that links measurements in production to the length unit, dimensional artefacts – ranging from measurement standards to calibrated workpieces – are fundamental. The paper examines dimensional artefacts, discussing their characteristics, availability and role in supporting production by establishing metrological traceability, and provides guidelines for their selection, use and development.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCIRP annals
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)693-716
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Dimensional artefacts
  • Manufacturing metrology
  • Traceability

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