Digital Control of a High Voltage (2.5 kV) Bidirectional Flyback DC-DC Converter for Driving a Capacitive Incremental Actuator

Prasanth Thummala, Dragan Maksimovic, Zhe Zhang, Michael A. E. Andersen

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Abstract

This paper presents a digital control technique to achieve valley switching in a bidirectional flyback converter used to drive a dielectric electro-active polymer based capacitive incremental actuator. The paper also provides the design of a low input voltage (24 V) and variable high output voltage (0-2.5 kV) bidirectional dc-dc flyback converter for driving a capacitive incremental actuator. The incremental actuator consists of three electrically isolated, mechanically connected capacitive actuators. It requires three high voltage (2-2.5 kV) bidirectional dc-dc converters, to accomplish the incremental motion by charging and discharging the capacitive actuators. The bidirectional flyback converter employs a digital controller to improve efficiency and charge/discharge speed using the valley switching technique during both charge and discharge processes, without the need to sense signals on the output high-voltage (HV) side. Experimental results verifying the bidirectional operation of a high voltage flyback converter are presented, using a 3 kV polypropylene film capacitor as the load. The energy loss distributions of the converter when 4 kV and 4.5 kV HV MOSFETs are used on HV side are presented. The flyback prototype with a 4 kV MOSFET demonstrated 89% charge energy efficiency to charge the capacitive load from 0 V to 2.5 kV, and 84% discharge energy efficiency to discharge it from 2.5 kV to 0 V, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
JournalI E E E Transactions on Power Electronics
Volume31
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)8500-8516
ISSN0885-8993
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Keywords

  • Switch-mode power converters
  • High voltage dc-dc converters
  • Digital control
  • Energy efficiency
  • Actuator

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