DIFFERENTIAL BINDING OF HUMAN INTERLEUKIN-1 (IL-1) RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST TO NATURAL AND RECOMBINANT SOLUBLE AND CELLULAR IL-1 TYPE-I RECEPTORS

Morten Svenson, Susanne Nedergaard, Peter M. H. Heegaard, Teri D. Whisenand, William P. Arend, Klaus Bendtzen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    A recently described factor, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist binding factor (IL-1raBF), in serum of normal individuals is immunologically related to the interleukin-1 receptor type I (IL-1RI). It is presumably a soluble form of the receptor that binds exclusively to interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra). Recombinant soluble human IL-1RI expressed in COS cells (sIL-1RI) consists of the extracellular part of the receptor and binds all three known IL-1 species but preferentially to IL-1ra. We further characterized the sizes and binding of IL-1raBF and sIL-1RI to IL-1ra by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecylsulfate, ligand binding interference analyses, N-glycosidase treatment, concanavalin A affinity chromatography, and with the use of monoclonal antibodies (mAb) to human recombinant IL-1ra. We also evaluated the binding of IL-1ra to cellular IL-1RI on MRC5 fibroblasts and the interference afforded by the soluble receptors. The results show that the protein backbones of IL-1raBF and sIL-1RI are of similar size (approximate to 35-40 kDa) and that there are differences in the glycosylation of the two molecules. These carbohydrates were necessary for optimal binding of both molecules to IL-1ra. Both factors blocked binding of IL-1ra to cellular IL-1RI, as did mAb to IL-1ra, but the sites on IL-1ra which bound to the mAb, and to IL-1raBF and sIL-1RI, differed. We conclude that there are important differences between the natural and recombinant forms of soluble IL-1RI and that IL-1ra binds differently to these molecules and to cellular IL-1RI.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
    Volume25
    Issue number10
    Pages (from-to)2842-2850
    ISSN0014-2980
    Publication statusPublished - 1995

    Keywords

    • GLYCOSYLATION
    • SOLUBLE INTERLEUKIN-1 TYPE I RECEPTOR
    • MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES
    • INTERLEUKIN-1 RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST
    • BINDING CHARACTERISTICS

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'DIFFERENTIAL BINDING OF HUMAN INTERLEUKIN-1 (IL-1) RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST TO NATURAL AND RECOMBINANT SOLUBLE AND CELLULAR IL-1 TYPE-I RECEPTORS'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this