DIFFERENTIAL BINDING OF HUMAN INTERLEUKIN-1 (IL-1) RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST TO NATURAL AND RECOMBINANT SOLUBLE AND CELLULAR IL-1 TYPE-I RECEPTORS

Morten Svenson, Susanne Nedergaard, Peter M. H. Heegaard, Teri D. Whisenand, William P. Arend, Klaus Bendtzen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    A recently described factor, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist binding factor (IL-1raBF), in serum of normal individuals is immunologically related to the interleukin-1 receptor type I (IL-1RI). It is presumably a soluble form of the receptor that binds exclusively to interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra). Recombinant soluble human IL-1RI expressed in COS cells (sIL-1RI) consists of the extracellular part of the receptor and binds all three known IL-1 species but preferentially to IL-1ra. We further characterized the sizes and binding of IL-1raBF and sIL-1RI to IL-1ra by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecylsulfate, ligand binding interference analyses, N-glycosidase treatment, concanavalin A affinity chromatography, and with the use of monoclonal antibodies (mAb) to human recombinant IL-1ra. We also evaluated the binding of IL-1ra to cellular IL-1RI on MRC5 fibroblasts and the interference afforded by the soluble receptors. The results show that the protein backbones of IL-1raBF and sIL-1RI are of similar size (approximate to 35-40 kDa) and that there are differences in the glycosylation of the two molecules. These carbohydrates were necessary for optimal binding of both molecules to IL-1ra. Both factors blocked binding of IL-1ra to cellular IL-1RI, as did mAb to IL-1ra, but the sites on IL-1ra which bound to the mAb, and to IL-1raBF and sIL-1RI, differed. We conclude that there are important differences between the natural and recombinant forms of soluble IL-1RI and that IL-1ra binds differently to these molecules and to cellular IL-1RI.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
    Volume25
    Issue number10
    Pages (from-to)2842-2850
    ISSN0014-2980
    Publication statusPublished - 1995

    Keywords

    • GLYCOSYLATION
    • SOLUBLE INTERLEUKIN-1 TYPE I RECEPTOR
    • MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES
    • INTERLEUKIN-1 RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST
    • BINDING CHARACTERISTICS

    Cite this

    Svenson, Morten ; Nedergaard, Susanne ; Heegaard, Peter M. H. ; Whisenand, Teri D. ; Arend, William P. ; Bendtzen, Klaus. / DIFFERENTIAL BINDING OF HUMAN INTERLEUKIN-1 (IL-1) RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST TO NATURAL AND RECOMBINANT SOLUBLE AND CELLULAR IL-1 TYPE-I RECEPTORS. In: European Journal of Immunology. 1995 ; Vol. 25, No. 10. pp. 2842-2850.
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    title = "DIFFERENTIAL BINDING OF HUMAN INTERLEUKIN-1 (IL-1) RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST TO NATURAL AND RECOMBINANT SOLUBLE AND CELLULAR IL-1 TYPE-I RECEPTORS",
    abstract = "A recently described factor, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist binding factor (IL-1raBF), in serum of normal individuals is immunologically related to the interleukin-1 receptor type I (IL-1RI). It is presumably a soluble form of the receptor that binds exclusively to interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra). Recombinant soluble human IL-1RI expressed in COS cells (sIL-1RI) consists of the extracellular part of the receptor and binds all three known IL-1 species but preferentially to IL-1ra. We further characterized the sizes and binding of IL-1raBF and sIL-1RI to IL-1ra by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecylsulfate, ligand binding interference analyses, N-glycosidase treatment, concanavalin A affinity chromatography, and with the use of monoclonal antibodies (mAb) to human recombinant IL-1ra. We also evaluated the binding of IL-1ra to cellular IL-1RI on MRC5 fibroblasts and the interference afforded by the soluble receptors. The results show that the protein backbones of IL-1raBF and sIL-1RI are of similar size (approximate to 35-40 kDa) and that there are differences in the glycosylation of the two molecules. These carbohydrates were necessary for optimal binding of both molecules to IL-1ra. Both factors blocked binding of IL-1ra to cellular IL-1RI, as did mAb to IL-1ra, but the sites on IL-1ra which bound to the mAb, and to IL-1raBF and sIL-1RI, differed. We conclude that there are important differences between the natural and recombinant forms of soluble IL-1RI and that IL-1ra binds differently to these molecules and to cellular IL-1RI.",
    keywords = "GLYCOSYLATION, SOLUBLE INTERLEUKIN-1 TYPE I RECEPTOR, MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES, INTERLEUKIN-1 RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST, BINDING CHARACTERISTICS",
    author = "Morten Svenson and Susanne Nedergaard and Heegaard, {Peter M. H.} and Whisenand, {Teri D.} and Arend, {William P.} and Klaus Bendtzen",
    year = "1995",
    language = "English",
    volume = "25",
    pages = "2842--2850",
    journal = "European Journal of Immunology",
    issn = "0014-2980",
    publisher = "Wiley - V C H Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA",
    number = "10",

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    DIFFERENTIAL BINDING OF HUMAN INTERLEUKIN-1 (IL-1) RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST TO NATURAL AND RECOMBINANT SOLUBLE AND CELLULAR IL-1 TYPE-I RECEPTORS. / Svenson, Morten; Nedergaard, Susanne; Heegaard, Peter M. H.; Whisenand, Teri D.; Arend, William P.; Bendtzen, Klaus.

    In: European Journal of Immunology, Vol. 25, No. 10, 1995, p. 2842-2850.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - DIFFERENTIAL BINDING OF HUMAN INTERLEUKIN-1 (IL-1) RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST TO NATURAL AND RECOMBINANT SOLUBLE AND CELLULAR IL-1 TYPE-I RECEPTORS

    AU - Svenson, Morten

    AU - Nedergaard, Susanne

    AU - Heegaard, Peter M. H.

    AU - Whisenand, Teri D.

    AU - Arend, William P.

    AU - Bendtzen, Klaus

    PY - 1995

    Y1 - 1995

    N2 - A recently described factor, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist binding factor (IL-1raBF), in serum of normal individuals is immunologically related to the interleukin-1 receptor type I (IL-1RI). It is presumably a soluble form of the receptor that binds exclusively to interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra). Recombinant soluble human IL-1RI expressed in COS cells (sIL-1RI) consists of the extracellular part of the receptor and binds all three known IL-1 species but preferentially to IL-1ra. We further characterized the sizes and binding of IL-1raBF and sIL-1RI to IL-1ra by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecylsulfate, ligand binding interference analyses, N-glycosidase treatment, concanavalin A affinity chromatography, and with the use of monoclonal antibodies (mAb) to human recombinant IL-1ra. We also evaluated the binding of IL-1ra to cellular IL-1RI on MRC5 fibroblasts and the interference afforded by the soluble receptors. The results show that the protein backbones of IL-1raBF and sIL-1RI are of similar size (approximate to 35-40 kDa) and that there are differences in the glycosylation of the two molecules. These carbohydrates were necessary for optimal binding of both molecules to IL-1ra. Both factors blocked binding of IL-1ra to cellular IL-1RI, as did mAb to IL-1ra, but the sites on IL-1ra which bound to the mAb, and to IL-1raBF and sIL-1RI, differed. We conclude that there are important differences between the natural and recombinant forms of soluble IL-1RI and that IL-1ra binds differently to these molecules and to cellular IL-1RI.

    AB - A recently described factor, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist binding factor (IL-1raBF), in serum of normal individuals is immunologically related to the interleukin-1 receptor type I (IL-1RI). It is presumably a soluble form of the receptor that binds exclusively to interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra). Recombinant soluble human IL-1RI expressed in COS cells (sIL-1RI) consists of the extracellular part of the receptor and binds all three known IL-1 species but preferentially to IL-1ra. We further characterized the sizes and binding of IL-1raBF and sIL-1RI to IL-1ra by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecylsulfate, ligand binding interference analyses, N-glycosidase treatment, concanavalin A affinity chromatography, and with the use of monoclonal antibodies (mAb) to human recombinant IL-1ra. We also evaluated the binding of IL-1ra to cellular IL-1RI on MRC5 fibroblasts and the interference afforded by the soluble receptors. The results show that the protein backbones of IL-1raBF and sIL-1RI are of similar size (approximate to 35-40 kDa) and that there are differences in the glycosylation of the two molecules. These carbohydrates were necessary for optimal binding of both molecules to IL-1ra. Both factors blocked binding of IL-1ra to cellular IL-1RI, as did mAb to IL-1ra, but the sites on IL-1ra which bound to the mAb, and to IL-1raBF and sIL-1RI, differed. We conclude that there are important differences between the natural and recombinant forms of soluble IL-1RI and that IL-1ra binds differently to these molecules and to cellular IL-1RI.

    KW - GLYCOSYLATION

    KW - SOLUBLE INTERLEUKIN-1 TYPE I RECEPTOR

    KW - MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES

    KW - INTERLEUKIN-1 RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST

    KW - BINDING CHARACTERISTICS

    M3 - Journal article

    VL - 25

    SP - 2842

    EP - 2850

    JO - European Journal of Immunology

    JF - European Journal of Immunology

    SN - 0014-2980

    IS - 10

    ER -