Dietary relevant mixtures of phytoestrogens inhibit adipocyte differentiation in vitro

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Phytoestrogens (PEs) are naturally occurring plant components, with the ability to induce biological responses in vertebrates by mimicking or modulating the action of endogenous hormones.Single isoflavones have been shown to affect adipocyte differentiation, but knowledge on the effect of dietary relevant mixtures of PEs, including for instance lignans, is lacking. In the current study dietary relevant mixtures of isoflavones and their metabolites, lignans and their metabolites, coumestrol, and a mixture containing all of them, were examined for effects on adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, as well as tested for their PPARγ activating abilities. The results showed that mixtures of isoflavonoid parent compounds and metabolites, respectively, a mixture of lignan metabolites, as well as coumestrol concentration-dependently inhibited adipocyte differentiation. Furthermore, a mixture of isoflavonoid parent compounds, and a mixture of isoflavonoid metabolites were found to have PPARγ activating abilities.These results suggest that PEs can affect pathways known to play a role in obesity development, and indicate that the inhibitory effect on adipocyte differentiation does not appear to be strictly associated with PPARγ activation/inhibition.The current study support the hypothesis that compounds with endocrine activity can affect pathways playing a role in the development obesity and obesity related diseases.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
Volume55
Pages (from-to)265-271
ISSN0278-6915
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Phytoestrogens
  • 3T3-L1
  • Adipocyte differentiation
  • PPARγ
  • In vitro

Cite this

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title = "Dietary relevant mixtures of phytoestrogens inhibit adipocyte differentiation in vitro",
abstract = "Phytoestrogens (PEs) are naturally occurring plant components, with the ability to induce biological responses in vertebrates by mimicking or modulating the action of endogenous hormones.Single isoflavones have been shown to affect adipocyte differentiation, but knowledge on the effect of dietary relevant mixtures of PEs, including for instance lignans, is lacking. In the current study dietary relevant mixtures of isoflavones and their metabolites, lignans and their metabolites, coumestrol, and a mixture containing all of them, were examined for effects on adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, as well as tested for their PPARγ activating abilities. The results showed that mixtures of isoflavonoid parent compounds and metabolites, respectively, a mixture of lignan metabolites, as well as coumestrol concentration-dependently inhibited adipocyte differentiation. Furthermore, a mixture of isoflavonoid parent compounds, and a mixture of isoflavonoid metabolites were found to have PPARγ activating abilities.These results suggest that PEs can affect pathways known to play a role in obesity development, and indicate that the inhibitory effect on adipocyte differentiation does not appear to be strictly associated with PPARγ activation/inhibition.The current study support the hypothesis that compounds with endocrine activity can affect pathways playing a role in the development obesity and obesity related diseases.",
keywords = "Phytoestrogens, 3T3-L1, Adipocyte differentiation, PPARγ, In vitro",
author = "Camilla Taxvig and Specht, {Ina Olmer} and Julie Boberg and Vinggaard, {Anne Marie} and Nellemann, {Christine Lydia}",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1016/j.fct.2012.12.060",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "265--271",
journal = "Food and Chemical Toxicology",
issn = "0278-6915",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

Dietary relevant mixtures of phytoestrogens inhibit adipocyte differentiation in vitro. / Taxvig, Camilla; Specht, Ina Olmer; Boberg, Julie; Vinggaard, Anne Marie; Nellemann, Christine Lydia.

In: Food and Chemical Toxicology, Vol. 55, 2013, p. 265-271.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dietary relevant mixtures of phytoestrogens inhibit adipocyte differentiation in vitro

AU - Taxvig, Camilla

AU - Specht, Ina Olmer

AU - Boberg, Julie

AU - Vinggaard, Anne Marie

AU - Nellemann, Christine Lydia

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Phytoestrogens (PEs) are naturally occurring plant components, with the ability to induce biological responses in vertebrates by mimicking or modulating the action of endogenous hormones.Single isoflavones have been shown to affect adipocyte differentiation, but knowledge on the effect of dietary relevant mixtures of PEs, including for instance lignans, is lacking. In the current study dietary relevant mixtures of isoflavones and their metabolites, lignans and their metabolites, coumestrol, and a mixture containing all of them, were examined for effects on adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, as well as tested for their PPARγ activating abilities. The results showed that mixtures of isoflavonoid parent compounds and metabolites, respectively, a mixture of lignan metabolites, as well as coumestrol concentration-dependently inhibited adipocyte differentiation. Furthermore, a mixture of isoflavonoid parent compounds, and a mixture of isoflavonoid metabolites were found to have PPARγ activating abilities.These results suggest that PEs can affect pathways known to play a role in obesity development, and indicate that the inhibitory effect on adipocyte differentiation does not appear to be strictly associated with PPARγ activation/inhibition.The current study support the hypothesis that compounds with endocrine activity can affect pathways playing a role in the development obesity and obesity related diseases.

AB - Phytoestrogens (PEs) are naturally occurring plant components, with the ability to induce biological responses in vertebrates by mimicking or modulating the action of endogenous hormones.Single isoflavones have been shown to affect adipocyte differentiation, but knowledge on the effect of dietary relevant mixtures of PEs, including for instance lignans, is lacking. In the current study dietary relevant mixtures of isoflavones and their metabolites, lignans and their metabolites, coumestrol, and a mixture containing all of them, were examined for effects on adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, as well as tested for their PPARγ activating abilities. The results showed that mixtures of isoflavonoid parent compounds and metabolites, respectively, a mixture of lignan metabolites, as well as coumestrol concentration-dependently inhibited adipocyte differentiation. Furthermore, a mixture of isoflavonoid parent compounds, and a mixture of isoflavonoid metabolites were found to have PPARγ activating abilities.These results suggest that PEs can affect pathways known to play a role in obesity development, and indicate that the inhibitory effect on adipocyte differentiation does not appear to be strictly associated with PPARγ activation/inhibition.The current study support the hypothesis that compounds with endocrine activity can affect pathways playing a role in the development obesity and obesity related diseases.

KW - Phytoestrogens

KW - 3T3-L1

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KW - PPARγ

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