Diagnostic of fast-ion energy spectra and densities in magnetized plasmas

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The measurement of the energy spectra and densities of α-particles and other fast ions are part of the ITER measurement requirements, highlighting the importance of energy-resolved energetic-particle measurements for the mission of ITER. However, it has been found in recent years that the velocity-space interrogation regions of the foreseen energetic-particle diagnostics do not allow these measurements directly. We will demonstrate this for γ-ray spectroscopy (GRS), collective Thomson scattering (CTS), neutron emission spectroscopy and fast-ion Dα spectroscopy by invoking energy and momentum conservation in each case, highlighting analogies and differences between the different diagnostic velocity-space sensitivities. Nevertheless, energy spectra and densities can be inferred by velocity-space tomography which we demonstrate using measurements at JET and ASDEX Upgrade. The measured energy spectra agree well with corresponding simulations. At ITER, α-particle energy spectra and densities can be inferred for energies larger than 1.7 MeV by velocity-space tomography based on GRS and CTS. Further, assuming isotropy of the α-particles in velocity space, their energy spectra and densities can be inferred by 1D inversion of spectral single-detector measurements down to about 300 keV by CTS. The α-particle density can also be found by fitting a model to the CTS measurements assuming the α-particle distribution to be an isotropic slowing-down distribution.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Volume14
Number of pages17
ISSN1748-0221
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event5th International Conference Frontiers in Diagnostcs Technologies - Rome, Italy
Duration: 3 Oct 20185 Oct 2018

Conference

Conference5th International Conference Frontiers in Diagnostcs Technologies
CountryItaly
CityRome
Period03/10/201805/10/2018
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

    Research areas

  • Nuclear instruments and methods for hot plasma diagnostics, Computerized Tomography (TG), Computed Radiography (CR)

ID: 179888934