Diagnostic capacity for viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) infection in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) is greatly increased by combining viral isolation with specific antibody detection

Brian Dall Schyth, Ellen Ariel, H. Korsholm, Niels Jørgen Olesen

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    Abstract

    Detection of disease specific antibodies in farmed rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) has been proposed as an alternative or supplement to the currently approved procedures for diagnosis and surveillance in this species. In samples from natural outbreaks of the disease viral haemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS) at two freshwater farms in southern Denmark serologic testing was used to broaden the diagnostic window from outbreak to diagnosis in the laboratory as compared to traditional procedures of isolation and identification of the virus. The serologic assay clearly increased the chance of detecting present or previous infections where the pathogen could not be isolated by standard methods (indicating older infections where the virus had been cleared). Our data allowed us to monitor the levels of neutralising antibodies in relation to the presence of the virus in fish experiencing two different types of outbreaks at two different farms. By sequence analysis of the viral glycoprotein from selected isolates we found no evidence for escape mutants having developed in the fish showing high titres of neutralising antibodies.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalFish and Shellfish Immunology
    Volume32
    Issue number4
    Pages (from-to)593-597
    ISSN1050-4648
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Keywords

    • Neutralising antibodies
    • Rainbow trout
    • VHSV infection
    • Serology
    • Plaque neutralization test

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