Diagnosis of bearing creep in wind turbine gearboxes

Georgios Alexandros Skrimpas, Zhenyan Liu, Reynir Hilmisson, Christian Walsted Sweeney, Joachim Holbøll

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Abstract

One of the most wide spread gearbox topologies in the wind energy sector consists of a slow rotating planetary stage, an intermediate speed parallel stage and finally a high speed parallel stage driving the generator rotor. The shafts of the two latter stages are supported by ball or roller bearings where their outer races are fixed to the gearbox and their inner races rotate at the corresponding shaft speed. Bearing inner race defects are frequently encountered in gearboxes leading to either replacement of the whole unit or exchange of the shaft or bearing where feasible. The present work deals with the evaluation of the development of an inner race defect from surface pitting to race axial crack resulting in excessive rotational looseness, also referred to as bearing creep. It is shown that an inner race defect can be identified efficiently at an early stage by employing well known vibration condition indicators, e.g. crest factor, whereas development to rotational looseness is expressed as increased sideband activity between the gear mesh frequencies spaced at the shaft speed supported by the defective bearing due to abnormal meshing. The condition of the gears and the shaft during the final stage of the above described failure mode is essential in regards to the possibility of uptower repairs or their use in refurbished gearboxes. Case studies from operating multi-megawatt wind turbines are presented, illustrating the progression of the fault via continuous trending of condition indicators and detailed spectral analysis of high resolution vibration signals.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThird European Conference of the Prognostics and Health Management Society 2016
Number of pages8
Publication date2016
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventThird European Conference of the Prognostics and Health Management Society 2016 - Bilbao, Spain
Duration: 5 Jul 20168 Jul 2016

Conference

ConferenceThird European Conference of the Prognostics and Health Management Society 2016
CountrySpain
CityBilbao
Period05/07/201608/07/2016

Bibliographical note

C Georgios Alexandros Skrimpas et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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